Banana suitability and Fusarium wilt distribution in the Philippines under climate change

  • Arnold R. SalvacionEmail author
  • Christian Joseph R. Cumagun
  • Ireneo B. Pangga
  • Damasa B. Magcale-Macandog
  • Pompe C. Sta. Cruz
  • Ronaldo B. Saludes
  • Tamie C. Solpot
  • Edna A. Aguilar
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Academia and Industry collaboration on the Spatial Information
  2. Academia and Industry collaboration on the Spatial Information


Climate change is expected to affect crop production directly and indirectly due to changes in crop suitability, decrease in productivity, and higher incidence of pest and diseases. In the case of banana, change in suitability and distribution of Fusarium wilt due to climate change can pose a major threat on its production system. Being a major dollar earner for the Philippines, these threats can greatly affect the country’s economic and food production system. This study assessed banana suitability and the potential distribution of Fusarium wilt in the Philippines under current and future climate condition using fuzzy logic and maximum entropy approach. Based on the results, climate change might have limited impact on banana suitability in the country. But the projected changes in rainfall in the future can increase the areas that are favorable for Fusarium wilt occurrence. From 21% under baseline climate condition, favorable areas for Fusarium wilt in the Philippines is estimated to increase to 27% covering 91.2% and 28.5% of the country’s highly and moderately suitable areas for banana, respectively. Such coverage accounts for approximately 67% of the country’s total harvested area for banana.


Banana suitability Fusarium wilt distribution Climate change Philippines 



The corresponding author would like to thank the Department of Science and Technology, Accelerated Science and Technology Human Resource Development Program-National Science Consortium-University of the Philippines Los Baños (DOST ASTHRDP-NSC-UPLB) for the financial support for his Doctoral study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Korean Spatial Information Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Community and Environmental Resource Planning, College of Human EcologyUniversity of the Philippines Los BañosLos BañosPhilippines
  2. 2.Institute of Weed Science, Entomology and Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture and Food ScienceUniversity of the Philippines Los BañosLos BañosPhilippines
  3. 3.Institute of Biological Sciences, College of Arts and SciencesUniversity of the Philippines Los BañosLos BañosPhilippines
  4. 4.Institute of Crop Science, College of Agriculture and Food ScienceUniversity of the Philippines Los BañosLos BañosPhilippines
  5. 5.Agrometeorology and Farm Structures Division, Institute of Agricultural Engineering, College of Engineering and Agro-Industrial TechnologyUniversity of the Philippines Los BañosLos BañosPhilippines
  6. 6.School of Environmental Science and ManagementUniversity of the Philippines Los BañosLos BañosPhilippines
  7. 7.College of AgricultureUniversity of Southern MindanaoKabacanPhilippines

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