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Behaviormetrika

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 23–48 | Cite as

Bayesian analysis of happiness with individual heterogeneity

  • Lei Shi
  • Hikaru HasegawaEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

This study applies a new Bayesian univariate ordered probit model to happiness data on Australia, Canada, and the US, with immigration status and religion status reflecting individual heterogeneity in the threshold model. The empirical results show that the models that include individual heterogeneity perform better than those without individual heterogeneity do. Furthermore, the effects of heterogeneity vary between the three countries. Having a religious affiliation affects the thresholds in the US, but shows no evident effects in Canada or Australia. Furthermore, parents’ immigration status can affect the thresholds in Australia, but shows no effects in the US or Canada.

Keywords

Bayesian analysis Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) Ordered probit model World values survey 

JEL Classification

C11 I31 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors appreciate the comments of two anonymous referees, which improved the article greatly. The work of the second author was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (no. 16K03589) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS).

Supplementary material

41237_2018_59_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (321 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 322 KB)

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Copyright information

© The Behaviormetric Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Economics and BusinessHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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