China Foundry

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 88–96 | Cite as

Effect of Ca on microstructure and high temperature creep properties of AM60-1Ce alloy

  • Wei Jin
  • Yu-lai SongEmail author
  • Yao-hui Liu
  • Ping Zhao
  • R. D. K. Misra
Research & Development


A series of AM60-1Ce-xCa (x=0, 0.5, 1.5, 2.5) magnesium alloys were prepared by gravity casting method and analyzed by means of XRD, DSC and SEM. The effects of Ca on normal temperature mechanical properties and high temperature creep behavior of alloys were characterized by tensile and constant creep test. Microstructure analysis indicated that Ca was preferentially combined with Al in the alloy to form the high melting point Al2Ca phase at the grain boundary. The addition of Ca can refine the crystal grains and reduces the content of β-Mg17Al12 phase. With the increase of Ca content in the alloy, Al2Ca phases at the grain boundary gradually changed to the network of lamellar structure, and replaced the β-Mg17Al12 phase as the main strengthening phase gradually. The creep resistance of the alloy continuously increases because the high-temperature stable phase Al2Ca firmly nailed at grain boundaries impedes the sliding of grain boundaries. However, when the addition of Ca was more than 1.5%, mechanical properties of the alloy started to decrease, which was probably due to the large amount of irregularly shaped Al2Ca phases at the grain boundary. Experimental results show that the optimal addition amount of Ca is 1.5wt.%.

Key words

as-cast magnesium alloy Al2Ca hard phase mechanical properties high temperature creep properties 

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This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 50901035), the Science and Technology Development Projects of Jilin Province (Grant No. 20140204042GX), and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2018M642625).


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Copyright information

© Foundry Journal Agency and Springer Singapore 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei Jin
    • 1
  • Yu-lai Song
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yao-hui Liu
    • 1
  • Ping Zhao
    • 2
  • R. D. K. Misra
    • 3
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Automobile Materials (Ministry of Education), College of Materials Science and EngineeringJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  2. 2.College of Materials Science and EngineeringQingdao University of Science & TechnologyQingdaoChina
  3. 3.Department of Metallurgical, Materials and Biomedical EngineeringUniversity of TexasEl PasoUSA

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