China Foundry

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 135–140 | Cite as

Mixed regulation model of ceramic particles with molten high-chromium iron KmTBCr26

  • Qi DongEmail author
  • Shu-ming Xing
  • Bo Qiu
Research & Development


Particle reinforced metal matrix composites have many problems such as complicated preparation process, high production costs, weak interface bonding between the ceramic and metal matrix, uneven distribution of ceramic particles and so on. To solve these problems, the method of “shoot mixing + pressure compositing” (SM-PC) and a mixed regulation model of ceramic particles with molten steel were proposed. In the shoot mixing process, the special designed die casting equipment was used to make the particles with the molten metal mixed in the runner at a certain ejection speed (150 mm·s−1). After the mixture is filled with the mold, the pressure is maintained until the end of solidification. In order to optimize this method to obtain the more uniform particle distribution, the parameters (ejection speed, preheating temperature of particles, the shape and size of runner) in the model were selected for sample preparation. Taking the distribution index of particles as the evaluation criterion, it is concluded that the uniform distribution of particles can be promoted with the increase of ejection velocity, the increase of particle preheating temperature, and the small change of gate size. When the preheating temperature of particles was 1,100 °C, and the shape of the runner was trumpet, the optimal particle distribution composite parts was obtained. Meanwhile, the particles and the matrix achieved strong interface bonding — “Class I interface” under the pressure compositing, even though they’re non-wetting.

Key words

ceramic particles Cr26 SM-PC particle distribution interface 

CLC numbers


Document code



This work was financially surpported by Central Universities under Grant (NO.2018YJS139).


  1. [1]
    Lee H L, Lu W H, Chan S L. Abrasive wear of powder metallurgy Al alloy 6061-SiC particle composite. Wear, 1992, 159: 223–231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Kumar S. Effect of reinforcement size and volume fraction on the abrasive wear behavior of Al7075/ SiCpP/M composite-A statistical analysis. Tribology International, 2010, 43: 414–422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Mahdavi S, Akhlaghi F. Effect of the SiC particle size on the dry sliding wear behavior of SiC and SiC-Gr-reinforced Al6061 composites. J Mater Sci, 2011, 46: 7883–7894.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Zhao S M, Zhang X M, Zheng K H. Study on preparation and wear properties of ZTA/ high chromium cast iron matrix composites. Foundry Technology, 2011, 32(12): 1673–1676. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Mondal D P, Das S. High stress abrasive wear behavior aluminum hard particle composite: effect of experimental parameters, particle size and volume fraction. Tribology International, 2006, 39: 470–478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    He Xiaogang, Lu Dehong, Chen Shimin, et al. Preparation and thermal shock properties of Al2O3p/40Cr functionally graded composites materials. Source. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 2013, v 328: 901–905.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Sree Manu K M, Sreeraj K, Rajan T P D, et al. Structure and properties of modified compocastmicrosilica reinforced aluminum matrix composite. Materials and Design, 2015, v 88: 294–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Dhanashekar M, Kumar V S S. Squeeze casting of aluminum metal matrix composites-an overview. Procedia Engineering, 2014, v 97: 412–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Edelbauer J, Schuller D, Lott O. High Temperature Squeeze Casting of Nickel Based Metal Matrix Composites with Interpenetrating Micro-structure. Materials Science Forum, 2015, (825–826): 93–100.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Kish O, Froumin N, Aizenshtein M. Interfacial Interaction and Wetting in the Ta205/Cu-Al System. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 2014, 23(5): 1551–1555.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Wu Haobo, Zeng Fanhao, Yuan Tiechui. Wettability of 2519Al on B4C at 1000–1250 °C and mechanical properties of infiltrated B4C-2519Al composites. Ceramics International, 2014, 40(1): 2073–2081.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Mengyan H, Chen Weiping, Yang Shaofeng. Ni-induced non-pressure infiltration of stainless steel/Al203 ceramic composites. Special-cast and Non-ferrous Alloys, 2010, 30(8): 753–758. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Xing S M, Qiu B, Bao P W. A kind of preparation method of composite wear-resistant parts: China Patent, 201410745937.1. 2015-3-25.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Hao Shiming, Jiang Min, Li Hongxiao. Material Thermodynamics, Beijing: Chemical industry press, 2010. (In Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Foundry Journal Agency and Springer Singapore 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical, Electronic and Control EngineeringBeijing Jiaotong UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations