New Distributional Record of Flat Needlefish Ablennes hians (Valenciennes, 1846) (Beloniformes: Belonidae) in the North-Eastern Indian Ocean with Taxonomic Details

  • Subal Kumar RoulEmail author
  • E. M. Abdussamad
  • Prathibha Rohit
  • Ashok Kumar Jaiswar


Present study is based on five specimens of flat needlefish Ablenneshians collected from Puri North (Lat. 19047′43.062″N, Long. 85049′38.5788″E), Odisha, India on 7 January 2018. Based on morphometric and meristic characters, the specimens were identified as Ablenneshians (family Belonidae), having laterally compressed body with a series of vertical bars, 26 to 27 anal fin rays, 24–25 dorsal fin rays, 13–14 pectoral fin rays, and single lobe of gonad. A.hians can be distinguished from other three species of needlefishes reported from northeast coast of India based on body shape (body strongly compressed laterally in A. hians vs. rounded in cross section in other three species), number of anal fin rays (24–28 in A. hians vs. 15–25), vertical bars on body (a series of vertical bars in A. hians vs. no vertical bars in others except for S. leiura where few vertical bars are present on anterior half of the body). The occurrence of flat needlefish along Odisha Coast revealed the extension of its known geographical distributional range i.e. from noth of Andhra Pradesh in the North-eastern Indian Ocean. Further, it is an addition to the ichthyofaunal biodiversity of northeast coast of India.


Ablennes hians Belonidae Flat needlefish Odisha coast Northeast coast 



The authors are highly grateful to Dr. A. Gopalakrishnan, Director, ICAR-CMFRI, Cochin and Dr. Gopal Krishna, Director, ICAR-CIFE, Mumbai for providing all necessary facilities and constant support during the entire study period.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subal Kumar Roul
    • 1
    Email author
  • E. M. Abdussamad
    • 1
  • Prathibha Rohit
    • 1
  • Ashok Kumar Jaiswar
    • 2
  1. 1.ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research InstituteCochinIndia
  2. 2.ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries EducationMumbaiIndia

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