Abundance and Distribution of Indian Mackerel (Rastrelliger kanagurta) along the South-West Coast of India in Respect to the Hydro-Biological Changes

  • Pratyush Das
  • R. K. Mishra
  • A. K. Bhargava
  • Puran Singh
  • S. Mishra
  • M. K. Sinha
  • P. K. Mohanty


Data on spatio-temporal distribution studies of the Indian mackerel (Rastrelliger kanagurta), were collected along the south-west coast of India between 2004 and 2007, together with the hydrobiological data. Data were collected along the latitudes between 110 N and 160 N and longitude between 720 E and 750 E. High catches were observed at the depth of 30–50 m during the post-monsoon compared to pre-monsoon, whereas negligible catches were observed at the depth of 30–100 m during monsoon. Mackerel size ranged between 11.5–28.5cm, 15.5–34.0 cm, 11.0–28.0 cm and 15.0–28.0 cm in 2004, 2005, 2006 and 2007 respectively during post-monsoon. The primary productivity (PP) ranged from 0.38 to 9.8 mg m−3d−1, temperature ranged between 23.1 and 29.60 C and Chlorophyll a (Chl a) ranged from 1.2 to 9.8 mgm−3 in surface and various depths of the water column. Our findings showed that the distribution of the mackerel population significantly shifted northward during the post-monsoon season. Results revealed that the Indian mackerel were mainly influenced by PP and temperature.


Mackerel Monsoon Chlorophyll a Temperature 



The authors are thankful to the Director General, Fishery Survey of India, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India for his consistent support and encouragement for scientific publications. The authors are also thankful to the scientists of Fishery Survey of India, who put their consistent effort for acquiring the data along with the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, New Delhi for providing necessary support. One of the author’s RKM is also thankful to the Director, National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research for the encouragement towards scientific publications.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pratyush Das
    • 1
  • R. K. Mishra
    • 2
  • A. K. Bhargava
    • 1
  • Puran Singh
    • 1
  • S. Mishra
    • 3
  • M. K. Sinha
    • 4
  • P. K. Mohanty
    • 3
  1. 1.Fishery Survey of IndiaMormugaoIndia
  2. 2.National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean ResearchMormugaoIndia
  3. 3.Department of Marine SciencesBerhampur UniversityOdishaIndia
  4. 4.Fishery Survey of IndiaChennaiIndia

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