Population Biology of Uca maracoani in a Tropical Mangrove

  • D. S. Azevedo
  • J. V. C. L. Silva
  • D. S. Castiglioni
Article
  • 100 Downloads

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to characterize the population dynamics of the fiddler crab Uca maracoani in a mangrove area of the Formoso River, state of Pernambuco, northeast of Brazil. Samplings were performed monthly (April 2009 to March 2010) by one collector during 30 min at the low tide. A total of 1198 individuals (753 males and 445 females) were sampled, and all of them had measured the carapace width (CW), the major cheliped propodus length of males (CPL) and the abdomen width of females (AW). Sex and the ovigerous condition were recorded. Mean size of males (CW) (22.9 ± 6.61 mm) was significantly greater than that of females (20.2 ± 5.2 mm). Morphological sexual maturity estimated for males and females was 15.8 and 13.8 mm of CW, respectively. In the size-frequency distribution of both sexes, the population showed two cohorts, consisting of a juvenile group and an adult group. Sex ratio was diverted in favor of males (1.6:1.0), and males were more frequent in larger size classes. The reproductive period was based on the low rate of ovigerous females found throughout the year, occurring from June to August 2009. The recruitment was continuous throughout the year, but more intense during spring. Results of the present study are the first recorded from the state of Pernambuco and not only enabled a better comprehension of the population biology of U. maracoani along its latitudinal distribution, but also allowed to observe the population stability in the Formoso River mangrove.

Keywords

Body size Sexual maturity Sex ratio Mangrove Fiddler crab 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the Fundação de Amparo à Ciência e Tecnologia do Estado de Pernambuco (FACEPE), for financial support for fieldwork to D.S.C (APQ: 0108-2.04/07), and to CNPq for a fellowship to D.S.C. (Bolsa de Desenvolvimento Científico Regional - DCR) and D.S.A. (scientific initiation—PIBIC/CNPq/UFPE). We are grateful to Adriano Martins for his help during fieldwork. All sampling in this study was conducted in compliance with current applicable state and federal laws (ICMBio 14340-1).

References

  1. Adiyodi KG, Adiyodi RG (1970) Endocrine control of reproduction in decapod Crustacea. Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 45:121–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Almeida AO, Coelho PA, Santos JTA, Ferraz NR (2006) Crustáceos decápodos estuarinos de Ilhéus, Bahia, Brasil. Biota Neotropica 6(2):1–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Amaral DMV, Santos PJP, Trindade RL (2004) Distribuição espacial da meiofauna no estuário do Rio Formoso, Pernambuco, Brasil. Atlantica 26(1):45–54Google Scholar
  4. Barnwell FH (1986) Fiddler crabs of Jamaica (Decapoda, Brachyura, Ocypodidae, Genus Uca). Crustaceana 50(2):146–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bedê LM, Oshiro LMY, Mendes LMD, Silva AA (2008) Comparison of the population structure of the species of Uca (Crustacea: Decapoda: Ocypodidae) in the mangrove of Itacuruçá, Rio Janeiro, Brazil. Rev Bras Zool 25(4):601–607CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Benetti AS, Costa TM, Negreiros-Fransozo ML (2007) Population and reproductive biology of Uca burgersi Holthuis, 1967 (Crustacea, Brachyura, Ocypodidae) in three subtropical mangrove forests. Rev Biol Trop 55(1):55–70Google Scholar
  7. Bezerra LEA, Matthews-Cascon H (2006) Population structure of the fiddler crab Uca leptodcatyla Rathbun 1898 in a tropical mangrove of northeast Brazil. Thalassas 22(1):65–74Google Scholar
  8. Bezerra LEA, Matthews-Cascon H (2007) Population and reproductive biology of the fiddler crab Uca thayeri Rathbun, 1900 (Crustacea: Ocypodidae) in a tropical mangrove from Northeast Brazil. Acta Oecol 31:251–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bezerra A, Dias CB, Santana GX, Matthews-Cascon H (2006) Spatial distribution of fiddler crabs (genus Uca) in a tropical mangrove of northeast Brazil. Sci Mar 70(4):759–766CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Castiglioni DS, Negreiros Fransozo ML (2004) Comparative analysis of the relative growth of Uca rapax (Smith, 1870) (Crustacea, Ocypodidae) from two mangroves in São Paulo, Brazil. Rev Bras Zool 21(1):137–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Castiglioni DS, Negreiros-Fransozo ML (2005) Comparative population biology of Uca rapax (Smith, 1870) (Brachyura, Ocypodidae) from two subtropical mangrove habitats on the Brazilian coast. J Nat Hist 39(19):1627–1640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Castiglioni DS, Negreiros-Fransozo ML (2006) Ciclo reprodutivo do caranguejo violinista Uca rapax (Smith) (Crustacea, Brachyura, Ocypodidae) habitante de um estuário degradado em Paraty, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Rev Bras Zool 23(2):331–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Castiglioni DS, Negreiros-Fransozo ML, Mortari RC (2006) Biologia populacional do caranguejo violinista Uca rapax (Smith, 1870) (Brachyura, Ocypodoidea) proveniente de uma área de manguezal degradado em Paraty, RJ, Brasil. Atlantica 28:73–86Google Scholar
  14. Castiglioni DS, Almeida AO, Bezerra LEA (2010) More common than reported: range extension, size frequency and sex-ratio of Uca (Minuca) victoriana (Crustacea: Ocypodidae) in tropical mangroves, Brazil. Mar Biodivers Record 3:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Castiglioni DS, Silva JVCLS, Azevedo DS (2011) Relative growth and its use to determine the morphological sexual maturity of Ucides Cordatus (Linnaeus, 1763) (Decapoda, Brachyura, Ucididae) from two mangrove areas on the Northeastern Brazilian Coast. Crustaceana 84(10):1221–1241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Christy JH (1978) Adaptative significance of reproductive cycles in the fiddler crab Uca pugilator. A hypothesis. Science 199:453–455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Christy JH (1982) Adaptative significance of semilunar cycles of larval release in fiddler crabs (Genus Uca): test of a hypothesis. Biol Bull 163:251–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Christy JH, Salmon M (1984) Ecology and evolution of mating systems of fiddler crabs (Genus Uca). Biol Rev 59:483–509CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Colby DR, Fonseca MS (1984) Population dynamics, spatial dispersion and somatic growth of the sand fiddler crab Uca pugilator. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 16:269–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Colpo KD, Negreiros-Fransozo ML (2003) Reproductive output of Uca vocator (Herbst, 804) (Brachyura, Ocypodidae) from three subtropical mangroves in Brazil. Crustaceana 76(1):1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Colpo KD, Negreiros-Fransozo ML (2004) Comparison of the population structure of the fiddler crab Uca vocator (Herbst, 1804) from three subtropical mangrove forests. Sci Mar 68(1):139–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Companhia Pernambucana Do Meio Ambiente (CPRH) (1998) Plano de Gestão, Zoneamento Ecológico Econômico Costeiro - ZEEC - APA de Guadalupe Litoral Sul de Pernambuco. 1–91. (Recife)Google Scholar
  23. Conde JE, Rull V, Vegas T (1986) Análisis exploratorio de datos ecológicos y biométricos: gráficos stem-and-leaf (talo-y-roja) y boxplot (cajas gráficas). Enseñanza de las Ciencias 4(2):153–162Google Scholar
  24. Corgos A, Freire J (2006) Morphometric and gonad maturity in the spider crab Maja brachydactyla: a comparison of methods for estimating size at maturity in species with determined growth. J Mar Sci 63:851–859Google Scholar
  25. Costa TM, Negreiros-Fransozo ML (2002) Population biology of Uca thayeri Rathbun, 1900 (Brachyura, Ocypodidae) in a subtropical South American mangrove area: results from transect and catch-per-unit-effort techniques. Crustaceana 75(10):1201–1218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Costa T, Soares-Gomes A (2009) Population structure and reproductive biology of Uca rapax (Decapoda: Ocypodidae) in a tropical coastal lagoon, southeast Brazil. Zoologia 26(4):647–657CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Crane J (1975) Fiddler crabs of the world, Ocypodidae: genus Uca. Princeton, University Press, New Jersey, 736pGoogle Scholar
  28. Curi PR, Moraes RV (1981) Associação, homogeneidade e contrastes entre proporções em tabelas contendo distribuições multinomiais. Ciênc Cult 33(5):712–722Google Scholar
  29. Di Benedetto M, Masunari S (2009) Estrutura populacional de Uca maracoani (Decapoda, Brachyura, Ocypodidae) no Baixio Mirim, Baía de Guaratuba, Paraná. Iheringia Sér Zool 99(4):381–389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Díaz H, Conde JE (1989) Population dynamics and life of mangrove crab Aratus pisonii (Brachyura, Grapsidae) in a marine environment. Bull Mar Sci 45:148–163Google Scholar
  31. Edney EB (1961) The water and heat relationships of fiddler crabs (Uca spp.). Trans R Soc S Afr 36:71–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Emmerson WD (1994) Seasonal breeding cycles and sex ratio of eight species of crabs from Mgazana, a mangrove estuary in Transkei, southern Africa. J Crustac Biol 14(3):568–578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Genoni GP (1985) Food limitation in salt marsh fiddler crab Uca rapax (Smith) (Decapoda, Ocypodidae). J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 87:97–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Giesel JT (1972) Sex ratio, rate of evolution, and environmental heterogeneity. Am Nat 106(949):380–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Hartnoll RG (2001) Growth in Crustacea: twenty years on. Hydrobiologia 449(1–3):111–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Hartnoll RG (2006) Reproductive investment in Brachyura. Hydrobiologia 557:31–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Henmi Y (2000) Comparisons of life history traits among populations of the ocypodid crab Macrophthalmus japonicus in habitats with contrasting food availability. Crustac Res 29:109–120Google Scholar
  38. Hines A (1989) Geographic variation in size at maturity in brachyuran crabs. Bull Mar Sci 45:356–368Google Scholar
  39. Hirose GL, Negreiros-Fransozo ML (2007) Growth phases and differential growth between sex of Uca maracoani Latreille, 1802–1803 (Crustacean, Brachyura, Ocypodidae). Gulf Caribb Res 19:43–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Hirose GL, Negreiros-Fransozo ML (2008) Population biology of Uca maracoani Latreille 1802–1803 (Crustacea, Brachyura, Ocypodidae) on the south-east of Brazil. Pan Am J Aquat Sci 3(3):373–383Google Scholar
  41. Johnson PTJ (2003) Biased sex ratio in fiddler crabs (Brachyura: Ocypodidae): a review and evaluation of the influence of sampling method, size class, and sex-specific mortality. Crustaceana 76(5):559–580CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Jones DA (1984) Crabs of the mangal ecosystem. In: Por FD, Dor I (eds) Hidrobiology of the mangal. Junk Publishers, Boston, pp 89–109Google Scholar
  43. Jones MB, Simons MJ (1983) Latitudinal variation in reproductive characteristics of a mud crab, Helice crassa (Grapsidae). Bull Mar Sci 33:656–670Google Scholar
  44. Koch V, Wolff M, Diele K (2005) Comparative population dynamics of four fiddler crabs (Ocypodidae, genus Uca) from a North Brazilian mangrove ecosystem. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 291:177–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Lira L, Zapata MC, Fonseca VG (1979) Aspectos da dinâmica do estuário do Rio Formoso, Pernambuco. Caderno Ômega, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife 3(1/2):133–156Google Scholar
  46. Litulo C (2004) Reproductive aspects of a tropical population of the fiddler crab Uca annulipes (H. Milne Edwards, 1837) (Brachyura Ocypodidae) at Costa do Sol Mangrove, Maputo Bay, southern Mozambique. Hydrobiologia 525:167–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Litulo C (2005a) Population biology of the fiddler crab Uca annulipes (Brachyura: Ocypodidae) in a tropical East African mangrove. Estuar, Coast Shelf Sci 62:283–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Litulo C (2005b) Population structure and reproductive biology of the fiddler crab Uca inversa (Hoffman, 1874) (Brachyura: Ocypodidae). Acta Oecol 27:135–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Litulo C (2005c) Population structure and reproductive biology of the fiddler crab Uca urvillei (Brachyura: Ocypodidae) in Maputo Bay. J Nat Hist 39(25):2307–2318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Macintosh DJ (1978) Some responses of tropical mangrove fiddler crabs (Uca spp.) to high environmental temperatures. In: McLusky DS, Berry AJ (eds) Physiology and behaviour of marine organism (p. 49–56). Proceeding of the 12th European Symposium of Marine BiologyGoogle Scholar
  51. Macintosh DJ (1982) Ecological comparisons of mangrove swamps and salt marsh fiddler crabs. In: Gopal B, Turner RE, Wetze RG, Whighma DF (eds) Wetlands ecology and management (p. 243–257). National Institute of Ecology, and International Scientific PublicationsGoogle Scholar
  52. Martins SB, Masunari S (2013) Relative growth in the fiddler crab Uca uruguayensis Nobili, 1901 (Brachyura, Ocypodidae) from Garças River mangrove, Guaratuba Bay, southern Brazil. Nauplius 21:25–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Masunari S, Swiech-Ayoub BP (2003) Crescimento relativo em Uca leptodactyla Rathbun (Crustacea, Decapoda, Ocypodidae). Rev Bras Zool 20:487–491CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Masunari S, Dissenha N, Falcão RC (2005) Crescimento relativo e destreza dos quelípodos de Uca maracoani (Latreille) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Ocypodidae) no Baixio Mirim, Baía de Guaratuba, Paraná, Brasil. Rev Bras Zool 22(4):974–983CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Melo GAS (1996) Manual de Identificação dos Brachyura (Caranguejos e Siris) do Litoral Brasileiro. Plêiade, São Paulo, 604pGoogle Scholar
  56. Mokhtari M, Savari A, Rezai H, Kochanian P, Bitaab A (2008) Population ecology of fiddler crab Uca lactea annulipes (Decapoda: Ocypodidae) in Sirik mangrove estuary, Iran. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 76:273–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Montague CL (1980) A natural history of temperate western Atlantic fiddler crabs. Contrib Mar Sci 23:25–55Google Scholar
  58. Negreiros-Fransozo ML, Colpo KD, Costa TM (2003) Allometric growth in the fiddler crab Uca Thayeri (Brachyura, Ocypodidae) from a subtropical mangrove. J Crustac Biol 23(2):273–279Google Scholar
  59. Nobbs M (2003) Effects of vegetation differ among three species of fiddler crabs (Uca spp.). J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 284:41–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Nurdiani R, Zeng C (2007) Effects of temperature and salinity on the survival and development of mud crab, Scylla serrata (Forsskal), larvae. Aquac Res 38:1529–1538CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Pillay KK, Nair NB (1971) The annual reproductive cycles of Uca annulipes, Portunus pelagicus e Metapenaeus affinis (Decapoda: Crustacea) from the South-west coast of India. Mar Biol 11:152–166Google Scholar
  62. Pillay KK, Ono Y (1978) The breeding cycles of two species of grapsid crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda) from the north coast of Kyushu, Japan. Mar Biol 45:237–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Rosenberg MS (2001) The systematic and taxonomy of fiddler crabs: a phylogeny of the genus Uca. J Crustac Biol 21(3):839–869CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Salmon M, Hyatt GW (1983) Spatial and temporal aspects of reproduction in North Carolina fiddler crabs (Uca pugilator Bosc). J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 70:21–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Salmon M, Zucker N (1987) Interpreting differences in the reproductive behavior of fiddler crabs (Genus Uca). In: Nato workshop: behavioural adaptation to intertidal life 1–2Google Scholar
  66. Sampedro MP, González-Gurriarán E, Freire J, Muiño R (1999) Morphometry and sexual maturity in the spider crab Maja squinado (Decapoda: Majidae) in Galicia, Spain. J Crustac Biol 19(3):578–592CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Sastry AN (1983) Ecological aspects of reproduction. In: Vernberg FJ, Vernberg WB (eds) The biology of Crustacea. Behavior and ecology. Academic, New York, pp 79–255, v.7Google Scholar
  68. Silva JVCL, Azevedo DS, Castiglioni DS (2013) Caracterização e comparação da biologia populacional de Uca thayeri (Crustacea, Ocypodidae) em duas áreas de manguezal do litoral Sul de Pernambuco. Boletim Técnico Científico CEPENE, Tamandaré – PE 19:53–67Google Scholar
  69. Simons MJ, Jones MB (1981) Population and reproductive biology of the mud crab, Macrophtalmus hirtipes (Jaquinot, 1853) (Ocypodidae), from marine and estuarine habitats. J Nat Hist 15:982–994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Smith WK, Miller PC (1973) The thermal ecology of two South Florida fiddler crabs: Uca rapax Smith and U. pugilator Bosc. Physiol Zool 46:186–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Spivak ED, Gavio MA, Navarro CE (1991) Life history and structure of the world’s southern most Uca population: Uca uruguayensis (Crustacea, Brachyura) in Mar Chiquita Lagoon (Argentina). Bull Mar Sci 48(3):679–688Google Scholar
  72. Teal JM (1958) Distribution of fiddler crabs in Georgina salt marshes. Ecology 39(2):185–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Thurman CL II (1984) Ecological notes on fiddler crabs of south Texas, with special reference to Uca subcylindrica. J Crustac Biol 4(4):665–681CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Thurman CL II (1985) Reproductive biology and population structure of the fiddler crab Uca subcylindrica (Stimpson). Biol Bull 169:215–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Thurman CL II (1987) Fiddler crabs (Genus Uca) of eastern Mexico (Decapoda, Brachyura, Ocypodidae). Crustaceana 53(1):94–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Valiela ID, Babiec JF, Atherton W, Seitzinger S, Kreb C (1974) Some consequences of sexual dimorphism feeding in male and female fiddler crabs Uca pugnax (Smith). Biol Bull 147:652–660CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Warner GF (1967) The life history of the mangrove tree crab Aratus pisonii. J Zool 53:321–335Google Scholar
  78. Wenner AM (1972) Sex-ratio as a function of size in marine Crustacea. Am Nat 106:321–350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Wilson MF, Pianka ER (1963) Sexual selection sex-ratio and mating system. Am Nat 97:405–407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Wolf P, Shanholtaer SF, Reimold RJ (1975) Population estimates for Uca pugnax on Duplin estuary marsh. Georgia, USA. Crustaceana 29:79–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Zar JH (1996) Biostatistical analysis. Prentice-Hall, Upper Sadle River, 662pGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. S. Azevedo
    • 1
  • J. V. C. L. Silva
    • 2
  • D. S. Castiglioni
    • 3
  1. 1.Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Pernambuco (IFPE)RecifeBrazil
  2. 2.Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE)Vitoria de Santo AntaoBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Animal Science and Biological SciencesFederal University of Santa Maria (UFSM)Palmeira das MissoesBrazil

Personalised recommendations