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Technical and economic viability of a wind farm installed in a windy area of Algerian western south region

  • Fateh Bennaceur
  • Nachida Kasbadji MerzoukEmail author
  • Mustapha Merzouk
  • Ahmed Hadji
Original Paper
  • 20 Downloads

Abstract

This paper presents a technical–economic study of a wind farm with a capacity of 40.04 MW located in the southwestern part of Algeria, precisely at Aoulef region in Adrar. The selection of sites was based on the information gathered through the Algerian Atlas wind map and also through the geographical information system (GIS). This one helps to manipulate a large number of geographical data, GIS allows to select optimal wind farm locations on the mesoscale coverage, best locations of wind turbine generators on the microscale coverage was conducted by a strong wind software tools. The results demonstrate that the wind farm with the capacity of 40.04 MW, comprising 13 wind turbine generators, each one with the capacity of 3.08 MW implemented in site 2, is the most profitable in terms of cost and efficiency. The gross annual production of this wind farm is 87,300 MWh, but if we take into consideration the wake losses, energy losses on energy transport, and distribution lines as well as mandatory downtime, we get an annual net production of 82,935 MWh, which corresponds to a levelized cost of energy of 8.46 DA/kWh.

Keywords

Wind farm Net annual production Cost Wind farm optimization Feasibility study of wind farm Regional wind atlas 

List of symbols

A

Scale factor, m/s

AEP

Annual energy production, GWh

Ft

Fuel expenditure

\( \hat{C}_{n} \)

After-tax cash flow in year n

N

Project life in years

P

Available power density, W/m2

U

Average wind speed, m/s

k

Shape factor

n

Lifetime of the project, years

r

Discount rate for the project

Abbreviations

CAPEX

Capital expenditures

CF

Capacity factor

DA/kWh

Algerian Dinar per kilowatt-hours

DEM

Digital elevation model

GH WindFarmer

Garrad Hassan WindFarmer software

G.I.S

Geographic Information System

IRR

Internal rate of return

LCOE

Levelized cost of energy

MDA

Millions of Algerian Dinar

NPV

Net present value

ONM

National Office of Meteorology

OPEX

Operation expenditures

SRTM

Shuttle radar topography mission

a.g.l

Above ground level

Sonelgaz

National Society of Electricity and Gas

WasP

Wind energy industry-standard software

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the UDES/CDER and the CEEG.spa/Sonelgaz for their support of this study.

Funding

This study was carried out as part of a master’s degree in renewable energy. The authors state that they have received no funding to conduct this study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Département Energie Renouvelable, Faculté des SciencesUniversité de BlidaBlidaAlgeria
  2. 2.Compagnie de l’Engineering de l’Electricité et du Gaz (CEEG.spa/Sonelgaz)AlgerAlgeria
  3. 3.Unité de Développement des Equipements Solaires, UDESCentre de Développement des Energies Renouvelables, CDERW. TipazaAlgeria
  4. 4.Département Mécanique, Faculté des SciencesUniversité de BlidaBlidaAlgeria

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