Sleep and Biological Rhythms

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 55–61 | Cite as

The association between sleep pattern and nutrients intake pattern in healthy overweight and obese adults

  • Mona Norouzi
  • Banafshe Hosseini
  • Mehdi Yaseri
  • Mahboobeh Heydari Araghi
  • Kosar Omidian
  • Kurosh Djfarian
Original Article


Few studies have investigated the association between sleep pattern and nutrient intake pattern. This study was conducted to examine the associations between patterns of nutrient intake and sleep pattern. 108 overweight and obese individuals were recruited to participate in the present cross-sectional study. Participant underwent sleep evaluation through ActiGraph. A 3-day food dietary record was obtained to estimate food intake for each participant. The average of total sleep duration was 7.07 h, average of wake after sleep onset was 0.43 h, average of sleep latency was 0.14 h, and finally, average of sleep efficacy was 93.66%. Moreover, based on principal component analysis, six nutrient intake patterns were identified: the first and second patterns accounting for 53.88% of the total variance and the third and fourth patterns made up 13.6% of the total variance. Totally, the six patterns constitute 74.8% of the total variance. Our results showed that the second nutrient pattern had a negative correlation with total sleep time (P = 0.03); it was positively correlated with sleep latency (P = 0.004). The sixth nutrient pattern was negatively associated with total sleep time (P = 0.007). It was observed that higher intake of the fourth pattern had a negative correlation with total sleep time (P = 0.03). Higher intake of the fifth pattern was positively associated with sleep latency (P = 0.05). In summary, we found that nutrient patterns are correlated with sleep pattern.


Sleep pattern Nutrient pattern Nutrition Principal component analysis Sleep efficacy 



The authors would like to appreciate all the participants of the study who carefully and patiently took part in the study. This research received no grant from any funding agency.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors have no conflict of interest regarding this paper.

Ethical Approval

Ethical Committee Permission 91012717318. This study investigated the association between intakes of both macronutrient and micronutrient with quality and quantity of sleep. We divided all nutrients to six groups and investigated the role of each group in sleep patterns. We found that nutrient patterns are correlated with sleep pattern. We believe our work will be of interest to the readers in the areas of sleep patterns and nutrients intake studies. This research was not supported financially from any institute.


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Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Sleep Research 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mona Norouzi
    • 1
  • Banafshe Hosseini
    • 2
  • Mehdi Yaseri
    • 3
  • Mahboobeh Heydari Araghi
    • 1
  • Kosar Omidian
    • 4
  • Kurosh Djfarian
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and DieteticsTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and MedicineUniversity of NewcastleNewcastleAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public HealthTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  4. 4.College of Pharmacy and NutritionUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada

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