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Stress–strain characteristics of landfill clay cover barriers under geogrid reinforcements


Low shear strengths in landfill clay cover barriers lead to the development of tensile cracks in the soil, thus decreasing the usefulness of the barrier to resist water inlet into the landfill system. As cracks begin to form, water infiltration increases, thus increasing the wastewater interaction, leading to the development of the excess amount of leachate. Usage of geogrids within the landfill clay cover barrier has found wide-scale applications in bolstering the shear strength of the soil and thus preserving its utility. In this paper, the shear behavior of landfill clay cover soil with geogrids has been analyzed using triaxial compression tests. Significant parameters such as geogrid properties, initial geogrid spacing, number of geogrids, confining pressure and spacing between the geogrids have been investigated. A soil mixture of kaolin clay and sand, in 4:1 ratio, respectively, representing the typical characteristics of landfill clay cover barrier soil found in the field, was compacted at OMC + 5% and was used in the present study. The study demonstrates the increase in shear strength of landfill clay cover barrier with geogrids and its interdependence on geogrid spacing and geogrid properties, number of reinforcement layers and confining pressure. The inclusion of geogrids improved the load-carrying capacity and the axial strain at failure of the soil, thus signifying the benefits of inclusion of geogrids in cover barriers, especially to prevent tensile cracks. The results obtained from the triaxial tests were used for the computation of elasticity modulus of the cover barrier soil. Significant parameters necessary for the computation of the elasticity modulus were chosen, and the model with a confidence level greater than 95% was presented to deduce the settlement in geogrid-reinforced landfill clay cover barriers.

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Correspondence to Akshit Mittal.

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Mittal, A., Shrivastava, A.K. Stress–strain characteristics of landfill clay cover barriers under geogrid reinforcements. Innov. Infrastruct. Solut. 5, 19 (2020).

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  • Geogrids
  • Stress–strain characteristics
  • Landfill
  • Barriers
  • Tensile cracks
  • Regression