Advertisement

Experimental investigation on the performance of asphalt binders reinforced with basalt fibers

  • Punya Murty Kathari
  • Amarendra Kumar Sandra
  • P. Sravana
Technical Paper
  • 28 Downloads

Abstract

The laboratory performance of the asphalt binder reinforced with basalt fibers was compared with a control asphalt binder with no fibers in this study. The dosages of basalt fibers adopted for the study were 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5%, 2.0% and 2.5% by weight of the asphalt binder. Scanning electron microscopy was used to study the microstructure of the basalt fibers and the fiber–asphalt binder interaction at different magnification levels. The rheological and creep recovery properties were investigated in this study using dynamic shear rheometer, while the conventional tests on binder, viz., penetration and softening, were also conducted. The scanning images indicate that the basalt fibers are smooth surfaced and round shaped that will not absorb any asphalt binder. Uniform distribution of fibers was observed indicating an efficient mixing methodology adopted. The penetration values were found to be decreased with the increase in fiber dosage, while the softening results were increased indicating thick binder which offers excellent resistance to deformation at higher temperatures. The rheological properties such as G*, phase angle (δ), G*/Sinδ, non-recoverable creep compliance (Jnr) and percent of recovery (R%) suggest that the basalt-modified asphalt binders provide a better opportunity to improve the rutting resistance, particularly at high temperatures. Also, it was observed that improvement in the performance of the binders is significant only up to a fiber dosage of 1% and the optimum dosage of basalt fibers can be fixed as 1% by the weight of asphalt binder.

Keywords

Basalt fiber Viscosity-graded asphalt binder Rheological properties Isochrones Black diagram Cole–Cole plot Creep recovery Rutting 

References

  1. 1.
    NCHRP synthesis 475 (2015) Fiber additives in asphalt mixtures: a synthesis of highway practice, Transportation Research BoardGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Joshi C, Patted A, Archana MR, Amarnath MS (2013) Determining the rheological properties of asphalt binder using dynamic shear rheometer (DSR) for selected pavement stretches. Int J Res Eng Technol 02(13):192–196.  https://doi.org/10.15623/ijret.2013.0213033 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Morea F, Agnusdei JO, Zerbino R (2011) The use of asphalt low shear viscosity to predict permanent deformation performance of the asphalt concrete. J Mater Sci 41(7):1241–1248.  https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-010-9696-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Xingyu GU, Tingting XU, Fujian NI (2014) Rheological behavior of basalt fiber reinforced asphalt mastic. J Wuhan Univ Technol Mater Sci Edit 29(5):950–955.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11595-014-1026-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wang D, Wang L, Gu X, Zhou G (2013) Effect of basalt fiber on the asphalt binder and mastic at low temperature. J Mater Civ Eng 25(3):355–364.  https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0000605 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zheng Y, Cai Y, Zhang G, Fang H (2014) Fatigue property of basalt fiber-modified asphalt mixture under complicated environment. J Wuhan Univ Technol Mater Sci Edit 29(5):996–1004.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11595-014-1033-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Morova N (2013) Investigation of usability of basalt fibers in hot mix asphalt concrete. Constr Build Mater 47:175–180.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.04.048 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Xiao Q, Shen A, Guo Y, Zhenghua LV (2016) Properties of basalt fiber-asphalt mortars and improved mechanism. In: 1st international conference on transportation infrastructure and materials (ICTIM 2016), pp 364–371, ChinaGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cleven MA (2000) Investigation of the properties of carbon fiber modified asphalt mixtures. Master’s thesis, Michigan Technological UniversityGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jahromi SG, Khodaii A (2008) Carbon fiber reinforced asphalt concrete. Arab J Sci Eng 33(2B):355–364Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ling P, Wang P, Lo B, Pan P, Wu SP (2014) Investigation of rheological characteristics of carbon fiber modified asphalt binder. Key Eng Mater 599:182–186.  https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.599.182 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tapkin S (2007) The effect of polypropylene fibers on asphalt performance. J Build Environ 43:1065–1071.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2007.02.011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wan J, Wu S, Xiao Y, Liu Q, Schlangen E (2016) Characteristics of ceramic fiber modified asphalt mortor. Materials (Basel), MDPI.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ma9090788 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Xiong R, Chen S, Guan B, Sheng Y, Wang L (2014) Laboratory investigation of Brucite fiber in stabilizing and reinforcing asphalt binder. Int J Pavement Res Technol 7(4):256–262.  https://doi.org/10.6135/ijprt.org.tw/2014.7(4).256 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Xu Q, Huaxin C, Prozzi JA (2010) Performance of fiber reinforced asphalt concrete under environmental temperature and water effects. J Constr Build Mater 24(10):2003–2010.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2010.03.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zheng C, Shao-peng WU, Zu-huang Z, Jie-sheng L (2008) Experimental evaluation on high temperature rheological properties of various fiber modified asphalt binder. J Cent S Univ Technol 15(s1):135–139.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11771-008-0332-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Enieb M, Diab A (2017) Characteristics of asphalt binder and mixture containing nanosilica. Int J Pavement Res Technol 10(2):148–157.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijprt.2016.11.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chen JS, Lin KY (2005) Mechanism and behavior of bitumen strength reinforcement using fibers. J Mater Sci 40(1):87–95.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-005-5691-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Appiah JK, Berko-Boateng VN, Tagbor TA (2017) Use of waste plastic materials for road construction in Ghana. J Case Stud Constr Mater 6:1–7.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cscm.2016.11.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Habib NZ, Kamaruddin I, Napiah M, Tan IM (2011) Effect of mixing process on polypropylene modified bituminous concrete mix properties. Int J Civ Environ Eng 5(10):477–482Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Read J, Whiteoak D (2003) The shell bitumen hand book, 5th edn. Thomas Telford Limited, LondonGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Eurobitume (1996) Rheology of bituminous binders, Glossory of rheological terms: A Practical Summary of the Most Common Concepts, European Bitumen AssociationGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Gordan A (1997) Rheological characteristics of polymer modified and aged bitumens, Ph.D. thesis, University of Nottingham. http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/13431/1/362996.pdf
  24. 24.
    Yusoff NIM (2012) Modelling the linear viscoelastic rheological properties of bituminous binders. Ph.D. thesis, University of Nottingham. http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/12582/1/Nur_Izzi_Md._Yusoff.pdf
  25. 25.
    Wu MM, Li R, Zhang Y, Fan L, Lv Y, Wei J (2015) Stabilizing and reinforcing effects of different fibers on asphalt mortar performance. J Petrol Sci Eng 12:189–196.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12182-014-0011-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Noferini L, Simone A, Sangiorgi C, Mazzotta F (2017) Investigation on performances of asphalt mixtures made with reclaimed asphalt pavement: effect of interaction between virgin and RAP bitumen. Int J Pavement Res Technol 10:322–332.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijprt.2017.03.011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Superpave Series No. 1 (SP-1). (1997) Performance graded asphalt binder specification and testing. Asphalt Institute, LexingtonGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Pereira GS, Morales AR (2017) Modification of thermal and rheological behavior of asphalt binder by the addition of an ethylene-methyl acrylate-glycidyl methacrylate terpolymer and polyphosphoric acid. Polímeros 27(4):298–308.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0104-1428.2460 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Lucie B, Valentine J (2017) Influence of selected test parameters on measured values during the MSCR test. In: IOP conference series, materials science and engineering.  https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/236/1/012016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Rezvan B, Hassan Z (2017) Evaluation of rutting performance of stone matrix asphalt mixtures containing warm mix additives. J Cent S Univ 24(2):360–373.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11771-017-3438-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Dharamveer S, Kataware AV (2016) Comparison of different rheological properties for rutting susceptibility of SBS + WMA modified binders. Innov Infrastruct Solut 1(28):1–10.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s41062-016-0026-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringJNTU., HyderabadHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.GMR GroupPavement Research CentreHyderabadIndia

Personalised recommendations