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, 377:29 | Cite as

Recent Trends in Synthesis and Investigation of Nickel Phosphide Compound/Hybrid-Based Electrocatalysts Towards Hydrogen Generation from Water Electrocatalysis

  • Diab Khalafallah
  • Mingjia ZhiEmail author
  • Zhanglian HongEmail author
Review
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

Sustainable and high performance energy devices such as solar cells, fuel cells, metal–air batteries, as well as alternative energy conversion and storage systems have been considered as promising technologies to meet the ever-growing demands for clean energy. Hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is a crucial process for cost-effective hydrogen production; however, functional electrocatalysts are potentially desirable to expedite reaction kinetics and supply high energy density. Thus, the development of inexpensive and catalytically active electrocatalysts is one of the most significant and challenging issues in the field of electrochemical energy storage and conversion. Realizing that advanced nanomaterials could engender many advantageous chemical and physical properties over a wide scale, tremendous efforts have been devoted to the preparation of earth-abundant transition metals as electrocatalysts for HER in both acidic and alkaline environments because of their low processing costs, reasonable catalytic activities, and chemical stability. Among all transition metal-based catalysts, nickel compounds are the most widely investigated, and have exhibited pioneering performances in various electrochemical reactions. Heterostructured nickel phosphide (NixPy) based compounds were introduced as promising candidates of a new category, which often display chemical and electronic characteristics that are distinct from those of non-precious metals counterparts, hence providing an opportunity to construct new catalysts with an improved activity and stability. As a result, the library of NixPy catalysts has been enriched very rapidly, with the possibility of fine-tuning their surface adsorption properties through synergistic coupling with nearby elements or dopants as the basis of future practical implementation. The current review distils recent advancements in NixPy compounds/hybrids and their application for HER, with a robust emphasis on breakthroughs in composition refinement. Future perspectives for modulating the HER activity of NixPy compounds/hybrids, and the challenges that need to be overcome before their practical use in sustainable hydrogen production are also discussed.

Keywords

NixPy electrocatalysts HER electrocatalysis Synthesis Heterostructured materials Electrochemical activity Stability Electronic structure Hybridization Chemical composition Conductivity Theoretical calculation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is supported by national key research and development program (Grant No. 2016YFB0901600), Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. LY19E020014, and NSCF (Grant Nos. 21303162 and 11604295).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Silicon Material, School of Materials Science and EngineeringZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Mechanical Design and Materials Department, Faculty of Energy EngineeringAswan UniversityAswanEgypt

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