Topics in Current Chemistry

, 377:25 | Cite as

Mechanical Properties of Shaped Metal–Organic Frameworks

  • Bhuvan B. Shah
  • Tanay Kundu
  • Dan ZhaoEmail author
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Metal-Organic Framework: From Design to Applications


Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have gathered tremendous interest among researchers for their potential applications such as in storage and separation. While some progress has been made towards shaping of MOFs to realize industrial applications, the mechanical properties of MOFs remain more or less unexplored. Over the last decade, this area has witnessed a steady growth in terms of understanding the mechanical stability of MOFs and its consequence on their performance. In this review, the mechanical properties of the reported macroscopic shaped MOF structures (mainly granules, pellets, tablets, monoliths, and gels) are discussed. Conclusions are then drawn to determine which shapes and shaping techniques promise to meet industrial requirements on the basis of mechanical stability. Finally, future research directions are proposed to improve our understanding, and possibly enhance stability, by correlating the properties from microscopic single-crystalline level to the industrially relevant macroscopic polycrystalline scale.


Metal–organic frameworks Mechanical properties Shaping Granules Pellets Tablets Monoliths Gels 



This work was supported by the National Research Foundation Singapore (NRF2018-NRF-ANR007 POCEMON), the Ministry of Education, Singapore (MOE AcRF Tier 1 R-279-000-540-114), and the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (PSF 1521200078, IRG A1783c0015, and IAF-PP A1789a0024).


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular EngineeringNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore

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