Advertisement

Topics in Current Chemistry

, 377:24 | Cite as

Characterization of Photo-catalysts: From Traditional to Advanced Approaches

  • Uriel Caudillo-Flores
  • Irene Barba-Nieto
  • Mario J. Muñoz-Batista
  • Anna KubackaEmail author
  • Marcos Fernández-GarcíaEmail author
Review
  • 114 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Heterogeneous Photocatalysis

Abstract

The article provides an overview of the most relevant characterization results of heterogeneous photo-catalytic materials available in the literature. First, we present a summary of the ex situ utilization of physico-chemical characterization techniques. In the majority of current works, pre and post-reaction samples are subjected to ex situ analysis using a multitechnique approach which attempts to render information about the morphological, structural, and electronic properties of relevance to interpret photoactivity. Details of the effects on physico-chemical observables of the nanostructure and the complex chemical nature (considering mono and multiphase materials with presence of several chemical elements) of typical photo-catalysts will be analyzed. Modern studies however emphasize the use of in situ tools in order to establish activity–structure links. To this end, the first point to pay attention to is to consider carefully the interaction between light and matter at the reaction cell where the characterization is carried out. Operando and spectro-kinetic methodologies will be reviewed as they would render valuable and trusting results and thus will pave the way for the future developments in photocatalysis.

Keywords

Spectroscopy Kinetics In situ Operando Spectro-kinetic Multitechnique approach 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank MINECO (Spain) for financial support through the ENE2016-77798-C4-1-R Grant. The support by Secretaria de Ciencia Tecnología e Innovación of CDMX (SECTEI, México. U. Caudillo-Flores) is also acknowledged. I. Barba-Nieto thanks MINECO for a FPI doctoral fellowship (BES-2017-080069).

References

  1. 1.
    Kubacka A, Fernández-García M, Colón G (2012) Chem Rev 112:1555–1614PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Colmenares JC, Luque R (2014) Chem Soc Rev 43:765–778PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bai S, Jian J, Zhang Q, Xiong Y (2015) Chem Soc Rev 44:2893–2939PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Caudillo-Flores U, Muñoz-Batista MJ, Kubacka A, Fernández-García M (2018) Chem Photo Chem 2:777–785Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fracchia M, Ghigna P, Vertova A, Rondinini S, Mijnguzzi A (2018) Surfaces 1:138–150Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Muñoz-Batista MJ, Ballari MM, Kubacka A, Alfano OM, Fernández-García M (2019) Chem Soc Rev 48:637l–682lGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Weidenthaler C (2011) Nanoscale 3:792–810PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Thommas M, Keneko K, Neimarrk AV, Olivier JP, Rodríguez-Reionoso F, Rouquerol J, Sing SK (2015) Pure Appl Chem 87:1051–1069Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Caudillo-Flores U, Muñoz-Batista MJ, Hungría AB, López-Haro M, Fernández-García M, Kubacka A (2019) Appl Catal B 245:49–61Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Fernández-García M, Martínez-Arias A, Hanson JC, Rodriguez JA (2004) Chem Rev 104:4063–4104PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nosaka Y, Nosaka AY (2017) Chem Rev 117:11302–11336PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fuerte A, Hernández-Alonso MD, Maira J, Martínez-Arias A, Fernández-García M, Conesa JC, Soria J, Munuera G (2002) J Catal 212:1–9Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kubacka A, Fernández-García M, Colón G (2008) J Catal 254:272–284Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Yang J, Small MW, Grieshaber RV, Nuzzo R (2012) Chem Soc Rev 41:8179–8194PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Jinschek JR (2013) Chem Commun 50:2696–2706Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lamberti C, Zecchina A, Groppo E, Bordiga S (2010) Chem Soc Rev 39:4951–5001PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    McCue AJ, Mutch GA, McNab AI, Campbell S, Anderson JA (2015) Catal Today 259:19–26Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ter Veen HRJ, Kim T, Wachs IE, Brongersma HH (2009) Catal Today 104:197–2001Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Frenkel AI, Yevick A, Cooper C, Vasic R (2011) Annual. Rev Anal Chem 4:23–39Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lamberti C, Bokhoven JA (2016) Chapter 13. In: Lamberti C, Bokhoven JA (eds) X-ray absorption and X-ray emission spectroscopy. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lamberti C, Borfecchia E, Bokhoven JA, Fernández-García M (2016) Chapter 12. In: Lamberti C, Bokhoven JA (eds) X-ray absorption and X-ray emission spectroscopy. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Fernández-García M, Martínez-Arias A, Fuerte A, Conesa JC (2005) J Phys Chem B 109:6075–6083PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kubacka A, Colón G, Fernández-García M (2009) Catal Today 143:286–292Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Márquez AM, Plata JJ, Fdez SJ, Colon G, Kubacka A, Fernández-García M (2012) J Phys Chem C 116:18759-18767Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Czelej K, Cwieka K, Colmenares JC, Kurzydlowski KJ, Xu T-J (2017) ACS Appl Mater Interf 9:31825–31833Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Fernández-García M (2002) Catal. Reviews 44:59–121Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Yamamoto T (2008) X-Ray Spectrom 37:572–584Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Egerton RF (2009) Rep Prog Phys 72:016502Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Glatzel P, Sikora M, Smolentsev G, Fernández-García M (2009) Catal Today 145:294–299Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Biesinger MC, Lau LWM, Gerson AR, Smart RSC (2010) Appl Surf Sci 257:887–898Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Sarma DD, Santra PK, Mukherjee S, Nag A (2013) Chem Mater 25:1222–1232Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Jentoft FC (2009) Adv Catal 52:129–211Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Li X, Wan T, Qui J, Wei H, Qin F, Wang Y, Liao Y, Huang z, Tan X (2017) Appl Catal B 217:591–602Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Anpo M, Dzwigaj S, Che M (2009) Adv Catal 52:1–42Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Muñoz-Batista MJ, Kubacka A, Hungría AB, Fernández-García M (2015) J Catal 330:154–166Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Muñoz-Batista MJ, Motta-Meira D, Colón G, Kubacka A, Fernández-García M (2018) Angew Chem Int Ed 55:1199–1203Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Cabrera MI, Alfano OM, Cassano AE (1996) J Phys Chem 100:20043–20050Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Santomauro FG, Lübcke A, Rittmann J, Baldini E, Ferrer A, Silatani M, Zimmermann P, Grübel S, Johnson JA, Mariager SO (2015) Sci Rep 5:14834–14840PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Uemura Y, Kido D, Wakisaka Y, Uehara H, Ohba T, Niwa Y, Nozawa S, Sato T, Ichiyanagi K, Fukaya R (2016) Angw Chem Int Ed 55:1364–1367Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Amidani L, Naldon A, Malvestuto M, del Santo V, Boscherini F (2015) Angew Chem Int Ed 54:5413–5416Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Sá J, Tagliabue G, Friedli P, Szlachetko J, Rittmann-Frank MH, Santomauro FG, Milne CJ, Sigg H (2013) Energ. Environ Sci 6:3584–3588Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Hassan A, Zhang X, Liu C, Snee PT (2018) J Phys Chem C 122:11145–11151Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Yang S, Pattengale B, Lee S, Huang J (2018) ACS Energy Lett 3:532–539Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Irie H, Kamiya K, Shibanona T, Miura S, Tryck DA, Yokoyama T, Hashimoto K (2009) J Phys Chem C 113:10761–10766Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Liu L, Zhao C, Miller JT, Li Y (2017) J Phys Chem C 121:490–499Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Lahiri D, Subramanian Y, Bunker BA, Kamat PV (2006) J Phys Chem C 124:20420–20427Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Priebe JB, Radnik J, Kreyenschulte C, Lennox A, Junge H, Beller M, Brückner A (2017) ChemCatChem 9:1025–1031Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Li YH, Li C, Yang HG (2017) J Mater Chem A 5:20631–20635Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Zhou Y, Doronkin DR, Zhao Z, Plessow PN, Jelic J, Detlefs B, Pruessmann T, Studt F, Grunwaldt JD (2018) ACS Catal 8:11398–11406Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Fan X, Yue X, Jia H (2018) J Phys Chem C 122:14574–14581Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Ma L, Zhang T, Guo L (2018) Int. J. Hydr. Energ. 43:13778–13787Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Filippov TN, Svintsitskiy DA, Chetyrin IA, Prosvirin IP, Selishchev DS, Kozlov DV (2018) Appl Catal A: Gen 558:81–90Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Jiao Z, Shang M, Liu J, Liu G, Wang X, Bi Y (2017) Nano Energy 31:96–104Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Ohtsu N, Masahashi N, Mizukoshi Y, Wagatsuma K (2009) Langmuir 25:11586–11591PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Wang X, Xin Y, Tian B, Lei J, Zhang J (2018) Appl Catal B 224:305–309Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Wang XL, Liu W, Yu Y-Y, Song Y, Fang WQ, Wie D, Gong Z-Q, Yao Y-F, Yang HG (2015) Nat Commun 7:11918–11926Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Meulen T, Mattson A, Österlund L (2007) J Catal 251:131–144Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Almeida AR, Moulijn JA, Mul G (2011) J Phys Chem C 115:1330–1338Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Coronado JM, Kataoka S, Tejedor-Tejedor I, Anderson MA (2003) J Catal 219:219–230Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Arsac F, Bianchi D, Chovelon JM, Ferronato C, Herrmann JM (2006) J Phys Chem A 110:4213–4222PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Chen T, Feng Z, Wu G, Shi J, Ma G, Ying P, Li C (2007) J Phys Chem C 111:8005–8014Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Augugliaro V, Kisch H, Loddo V, López-Muñoz MJ, Márquez-Alvarez C, Palmisano G, Palmisano L, Parrino F, Yurdakal S (2008) Appl Catal A: Gen 349:189–197Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Muñoz-Batista MJ, Caudillo-Flores U, Ung-Medina F, Chávez-Parga MC, Cortés JA, Kubacka A, Fernández-García M (2017) Appl Catal B 201:400–410Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Hernández-Alonso M, Tejedor-Tejedor I, Coronado JM, Anderson MA, Soria J (2009) Catal Today 143:364–373Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Zhu X, Jin C, Li X-S, Liu J-L, Sun Z-C, Li CS, Li X, Zhu A-M (2017) ACS Catal 7:65124–66524Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Kraeutler B, Bard AJ (1978) J Am Chem Soc 100:5985Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    Dolamic I, Bürgi T (2007) J Catal 248:268–276Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Mattsson A, Österlund L (2010) J Phys Chem C 114:14121–14132Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Yanga TC-K, Wang S-F, Tsaic SH-Y, Lin S-Y (2001) Appl Catal B: Environ 30:293–301Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Yu Z, Chuang SSC (2007) J Phys Chem C 111:13813–13820Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Wu JCS, Cheng Y-T (2006) J Catal 237:393–404Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Shanda M, Anderson JA (2013) Catal. Sci Technol 3:879–899Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Dong X, Zhand W, Sun Y, Li J, Chen W, Cui Z, Huang H (2018) J Catal 357:41–50Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Li X, Zhang W, Cui W, Sun Y, Jiang G, Zhang Y, Huang H, Dong F (2018) Appl Catal B 221:482–489Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Fontelles-Carceller O, Muñoz-Batista MJ, Rodríguez-Castellón E, Conesa JC, Fernández-García M, Kubacka A (2017) J Catal 347:157–169Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Fontelles-Carceller O, Muñoz-Batista MJ, Conesa JC, Kubacka A, Fernández-García M (2018) Mol Catal 446:88–97Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Chiarello GL, Ferri D, Selli E (2018) Appl Surf Sci 450:146–1543Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Caudillo-Flores U, Muñoz-Batista MJ, Fernández-García M, Kubacka A (2018) Appl Catal B 238:533–545Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    Wang Y, Zhao J, Wang T, Li Y, Li X, Yin J, Wang C (2016) J Catal 337:293–302Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Li Q, Sun Z, Wang H, Wu Z (2018) J CO2 Util 28:126–136Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    Jiao X, Li X, Jin X, Sun Y, Xu J, Liang L, Ju H, Zhu J, Pan Y, Yan W, Lin Y, Xie Y (2017) J Am Chem Soc 139:18044–18051PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Yin G, Huang X, Chen T, Zhao W, Bi Q, Xu J, Han Y, Huang F (2018) ACS Catal 8:1009–1017Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Mills A, Rourke CO, Moore K (2015) J Photochem Photobiol A 310:66–105Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Nosaka Y, Nosaka AY (2018) J Phys Chem C 122:28748–28756Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    Muñoz-Batista M, Eslava-Castillo AM, Kubacka A, Fernández-García M (2018) Appl Catal B 225:298–306Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    Zhang J, Nosaka Y (2013) J Phys Chem C 117:1383–1391Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Gu G, Long J, Fan L, Chen L, Zhao L, Lin H, Wang X (2013) J Catal 303:141–155Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    Muñoz-Batista M, Ballari MM, Cassano AE, Alfano OM, Kubacka A, Fernández-García M (2014) Catal. Sci Technol 5:1521–1531Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    Muñoz-Batista M, Gómez-Cerezo MN, Kubacka A, Tudela D, Fernández-García M (2014) ACS Catal 4:63–72Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Caudillo-Flores U, Muñoz-Batista M, Luque R, Kubacka A, Fernández-García M (2019) Chem Eng J 378:122228Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    Muñoz-Batista M, Kubacka A, Fernández-García M (2014) ACS Catal. 4:4277–4288Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    López-Tenllado FJ, Marinas A, Urbano FJ, Colmenares JC, Hidalgo MC, Marinas JM, Moreno JM (2012) Appl Catal B 128:150–158Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    Xu W, Raferty D, Francisco JS (2003) J Phys Chem B 107:4537–4544Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    Caudillo-Flores U, Agostini G, Marini C, Kubacka A, Fernández-García M (2019) Appl Catal B: Environ 256:117790Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    Topalian Z, Stefanov BI, Granqvist CG, Österlund L (2013) J Catal 307:265–274Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Catálisis y Petroleoquímica CSICMadridSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de Química OrgánicaUniversidad de CórdobaCórdobaSpain

Personalised recommendations