Topics in Current Chemistry

, 374:7 | Cite as

Emerging Approaches in Synchrotron Studies of Materials from Cultural and Natural History Collections

  • Loïc Bertrand
  • Sylvain Bernard
  • Federica Marone
  • Mathieu Thoury
  • Ina Reiche
  • Aurélien Gourrier
  • Philippe Sciau
  • Uwe Bergmann
Review
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Analytical Chemistry for Cultural Heritage

Abstract

Synchrotrons have provided significant methods and instruments to study ancient materials from cultural and natural heritages. New ways to visualise (surfacic or volumic) morphologies are developed on the basis of elemental, density and refraction contrasts. They now apply to a wide range of materials, from historic artefacts to paleontological specimens. The tunability of synchrotron beams owing to the high flux and high spectral resolution of photon sources is at the origin of the main chemical speciation capabilities of synchrotron-based techniques. Although, until recently, photon-based speciation was mainly applicable to inorganic materials, novel developments based, for instance, on STXM and deep UV photoluminescence bring new opportunities to study speciation in organic and hybrid materials, such as soaps and organometallics, at a submicrometric spatial resolution over large fields of view. Structural methods are also continuously improved and increasingly applied to hierarchically structured materials for which organisation results either from biological or manufacturing processes. High-definition (spectral) imaging appears as the main driving force of the current trend for new synchrotron techniques for research on cultural and natural heritage materials.

Keywords

Synchrotron Palaeontology Cultural heritage  Archaeometry Imaging 

Abbreviations

CT

Computed tomography

DUV

Deep ultraviolet

EELS

Electron energy loss spectroscopy

EPMA

Electron probe micro-analysis

FF

Full field

FIB

Focused ion beam

FOV

Field of view

FTIR

Fourier-transform Infrared spectroscopy

Ga

Gigaannum

Ma

Megaannum

Myr

Million year

NEXAFS

Near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (=XANES)

PIXE

Proton induced X-ray emission

PL

Photoluminescence

Pps

Projected pixel (voxel) size on the sample plane

qsSAXSI

Quantitative scanning SAXS imaging

ROI

Region of interest

SAXS

Small-angle X-ray scattering

SC

Semi-conductor

SEM

Scanning electron microscopy

SR

Synchrotron radiation

STXM

Scanning transmission X-ray microscopy

TEM

Transmission electron microscopy

Vis

Visible

XANES

X-ray absorption near edge structure

XAS

X-ray absorption spectroscopy

XRD

X-ray diffraction

XRF

X-ray fluorescence

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Loïc Bertrand
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sylvain Bernard
    • 3
  • Federica Marone
    • 4
  • Mathieu Thoury
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ina Reiche
    • 5
    • 6
  • Aurélien Gourrier
    • 7
    • 8
    • 9
  • Philippe Sciau
    • 10
  • Uwe Bergmann
    • 11
  1. 1.IPANEMA, CNRS, Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication, Université Paris-SaclayGif-sur-YvetteFrance
  2. 2.Synchrotron SOLEILGif-sur-YvetteFrance
  3. 3.IMPMC, CNRS UMR 7590, Sorbonne Universités, MNHN, UPMC, IRD UMR 206ParisFrance
  4. 4.Swiss Light SourcePaul Scherrer InstitutVilligenSwitzerland
  5. 5.Rathgen-Forschungslabor, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin-Stiftung Preußischer KulturbesitzBerlinGermany
  6. 6.Sorbonne Universités, UPMC University Paris 06, CNRS, UMR 8220Laboratoire d’archéologie moléculaire et structurale (LAMS)ParisFrance
  7. 7.Université Grenoble AlpesLIPHYGrenobleFrance
  8. 8.CNRSLIPHYGrenobleFrance
  9. 9.European Synchrotron Radiation FacilityGrenoble CedexFrance
  10. 10.CEMES, CNRS UPR 8011Université de ToulouseToulouseFrance
  11. 11.Stanford PULSE Institute, SLAC National Accelerator LaboratoryMenlo ParkUSA

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