Performance of various pozzolanic materials on the properties of concrete made by partially replacing natural sand by manufactured sand

  • Kiran M. ManeEmail author
  • D. K. Kulkarni
  • K. B. Prakash
Research Article


Now a day’s concrete is the extreme broadly used construction material in civil engineering industry because of its extraordinary structural strength and stability. The overuse level of cement and natural sand for civil industry has several undesirable social and ecological consequences. As an answer for this, industrial wastes called as by-products (pozzolanic materials) such as fly ash, GGBFS, silica fume and metakolin can be used to interchange partially cement and natural sand by manufacturing sand (M-sand). This research aims to investigate the possibility of replacing natural sand by M-sand with 20% of above pozzolanic materials substitute in concrete. In this experimentation, natural sand was replaced by M-sand in various percentages (0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, 90% and 100%), with water–cement ratio of 0.45 and cement was partially substituted by 20% of pozzolanic materials. M30 grade of concrete mix proportions were designed as per IS 10262:2009 guidelines. The fresh concrete properties and compressive strength, tensile strength and flexural strength results were checked for the different concrete mix proportions and compared with conventional concrete. From this research work, it can be concluded that for replacement of 60% natural sand by M-sand and 20% cement by silica fume yields maximum compressive strength, tensile strength and flexural strength than conventional concrete.


Pozzolanic materials M-sand Fresh concrete property Compressive strength Tensile strength Flexural strength Conventional concrete 



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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kiran M. Mane
    • 1
    Email author
  • D. K. Kulkarni
    • 2
  • K. B. Prakash
    • 3
  1. 1.S.D.M. College of Engineering and TechnologyDharwadIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringS.D.M. College of Engineering and TechnologyDharwadIndia
  3. 3.Govt. Engineering CollegeHaveri, DevagiriIndia

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