Evaluation of service-life prediction model for reinforced concrete structures in chloride-laden environments

  • L. SilvestroEmail author
  • J. J. O. Andrade
  • D. C. C. Dal Molin
Research Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Building Pathology: Diagnosis and Intervention


Reinforced concrete structures are subjected to several degradation processes that often occur early, especially due to reinforcements corrosion. Therefore, the use of representative models for an accurate service-life prediction of reinforced concrete structures becomes indispensable. Thus, this study is aimed at evaluating the model proposed by Andrade to efficiently predict the chloride penetration in concrete structures. In addition, the input variables of this model, as well as the challenges in obtaining them are analyzed. Andrade’s model was applied in some case studies to verify their efficiency in predicting the chloride penetration in reinforced concrete structures in marine environments. The results indicate that for data with small exposure times, the model yielded similar responses to the chloride penetration in situ, with good results within an error range of 35%, associated with a maximum difference of only 4.6 mm between observed and calculated values. For the data with higher exposure times, the differences were significant, indicating the need for an alteration in order to best determine the increase in surface chloride concentration over time. Thus, it is suggested that the model undergoes modifications, mainly in relation to two fundamental aspects, (i) adopt the growth of the chloride surface concentration over time and (ii) consider the variability of the concrete characteristics and exposure conditions through a probabilistic approach.


Concrete Service-life prediction Chloride penetration Modeling 



Funding was provided by Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC)FlorianópolisBrazil
  2. 2.Graduation Program in Materials Engineering and TechnologyPontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PGETEMA/PUCRS)Porto AlegreBrazil
  3. 3.Counseling Center for Innovation of Buildings from Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (NORIE/UFRGS)Porto AlegreBrazil

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