Independent Thought v. Union of India  10 SCC 800
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The British under the Queen’s rule implemented the Indian Penal Code in 1860. At that time, India was an undivided front with various provinces and different religions. The provinces and religious frameworks had introduced many substantive and procedural laws, which had created a heterogeneous system of laws. The conflict of laws created difficulties for the East India Company’s administration. Hence, the first Law member was appointed to the Council of the Governor-General – Thomas Babington Macaulay. He took office on June 27, 1834, with the outlook that India’s salvation lies in her wholesome Anglicization.1
A Law Commission was constituted with the following members – T.B. Macaulay, J.M. Macleod, G.W. Anderson, and F. Millett as Commissioner. It submitted a (Draft) Penal Code on 2ndMay, 1837, which was eventually amended, and the Indian Penal Code, 1860 (IPC) was enacted to collectively govern all the provinces. Even though Macaulay was lauded for the originality of the Indian...