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International Journal of Civil Engineering

, Volume 17, Issue 12, pp 1931–1940 | Cite as

An Investigation into the Compressibility and Lateral Stresses of Sand–Carpet Mixtures Using a Large Oedometer Apparatus

  • Mehran Karimpour-FardEmail author
  • Habib Shahnazari
  • Ghazal Rezaie Soufi
  • Amirreza Saremi
Research paper
  • 27 Downloads

Abstract

In this paper, the deformation properties of sand, reinforced with carpet waste, are investigated by carrying out a set of large-scale oedometer tests under different overburden pressures. The oedometer apparatus employed in this study has been equipped with vertical and lateral pressure cells, which allow the value of the soil’s coefficient of lateral pressure at rest, to be determined as well as its compressibility. Carpet waste was added to sand at weight percentages of 0, 5, 10 and 15%. Results were indicative of a reduction in the coefficient of lateral pressure at rest, K0 with the increase in carpet content of the mixtures. The reduction in the value of K0 amounted to 10% at a carpet content of 15%. The compressibility properties of the mixtures were evaluated as well, by recording one-dimensional displacement in the samples. Results demonstrated an increase in the coefficient of volume change with the increase in carpet content, particularly for lower levels of overburden pressure. Predictive models were developed based on the multi-linear regression (MLR) procedure to predict the coefficient of lateral pressure at rest and coefficient of volume change for the sand–carpet mixtures normalized to the values of sand.

Keywords

Carpet waste Compressibility Oedometer Soil reinforcement 

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Copyright information

© Iran University of Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Civil EngineeringIran University of Science and TechnologyTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of GuilanRashtIran
  3. 3.School of Civil, Water and Environmental EngineeringShahid Beheshti UniversityTehranIran

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