International Journal of Civil Engineering

, Volume 17, Issue 10, pp 1603–1618 | Cite as

Characterization of Near-Fault Effects on Potential Cumulative Damage of Reinforced Concrete Bridge Piers

  • Vui Van CaoEmail author
Research paper


The objective of this study is to characterize the potential damage of near-fault ground motions on reinforced concrete bridge piers, providing information for engineering practice. To achieve this objective, 200 real near-fault pulse-type records and a bridge pier were selected. The same number of real far-fault ground motions was also selected for comparison. Inelastic time history and damage analyses were performed for the pier subjected to the selected near-fault and far-fault ground motions. The obtained results showed that more than 91% near-fault motions caused the pier to collapse while the pier survived under almost all far-fault motions. The responses of the pier under near-fault motions were characterized by one or few large hysteretic cycles. The damage indices of the pier subjected to near-fault ground motions increased rapidly when the pier underwent pulses of near-fault motions, and the pier damage was mainly caused by pulses. Collapse of the pier subjected to near-fault motions occurred at the pulse time. The duration to collapse, which was defined as the duration from light damage to collapse, of the pier under near-fault motions was extremely short (approximately 2.3–2.5 s). These special and negative structural damage characteristics of near-fault ground motions should be considered in designing and mitigating seismic hazards for structures located in near-fault regions.


Near-fault earthquake Seismic load Damage characteristic Reinforced concrete Bridge pier 



This research is funded by Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology under Grant number T-KTXD-2018-44.


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Copyright information

© Iran University of Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanics of Materials and Structures, Faculty of Civil EngineeringHo Chi Minh City University of Technology (HCMUT), Vietnam National UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam

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