Advertisement

International Journal of Civil Engineering

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 205–217 | Cite as

Seismic in-Soil Isolation of Solid Waste Landfill Using Geosynthetic Liners: Shaking Table Modeling of Tehran Landfill

  • Vahid Mirhaji
  • Yaser JafarianEmail author
  • Mohammad H. Baziar
  • Mohammad K. Jafari
Research paper
  • 95 Downloads

Abstract

Seismic loads may damage municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills through the relative movements within the landfill system. These movements can disrupt performance of drainage and gas collection systems, thereby resulting in environmental pollution. The smooth synthetic materials might be placed beneath the structures to provide seismic protection by absorbing the imparted energy of earthquakes through the sliding mechanism. It has been found that a high strength geomembrane placed over the other smooth and lubricated geomembrane sheets constitutes an efficient seismic liner. In the present study, experimental investigations were conducted to evaluate role of in-soil base isolation on seismic response of the Tehran MSW landfill. Results of geophysical and geotechnical investigations in the landfill site are presented in detail. Shaking table tests were conducted on the MSW embankment isolated by semi-elliptic shaped liners and subjected to harmonic sinusoidal base excitations. The results for the isolated and non-isolated cases are compared in terms of permanent displacement and seismic response. It has been observed that at all elevations the spectral accelerations within the waste decreased by base isolation, especially for the more intense excitations. Results of the present study demonstrate a suitable application of geosynthetic liners for seismic retrofitting of landfills.

Keywords

Seismic response Municipal solid waste landfill Base isolation Geosynthetic liner Permanent displacement 

Abbreviations

EPA

Environmental protection agency

HDPE

High-density polyethylene

LCS

Leachate collection systems

MHA

Maximum horizontal acceleration

MSW

Municipal solid waste

MSWLF

Municipal solid waste landfill

OII

Operating Industries, Inc

Sa/(amax)max

Maximum spectral amplification

Tm

Mean period

Ts

Fundamental period of system

UHMWPE

Ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene

λ

Scaling factor

Notes

Acknowledgements

The present research was funded by a grant from the Tehran Urban Planning and Research Center of Tehran’s municipality. In this way, the present paper was conducted with the cooperation of the management and technicians of the burial division in Kahrizak landfill facility, and Laboratory of Physical Modeling of Geotechnical Engineering Research Center (School of Civil Engineering, Tehran University). The authors also wish to thank IBA Group in provision of used geosynthetics. The authors of the present paper sincerely acknowledge kind cooperation of all these people.

References

  1. 1.
    Han KE, Chen Y, Ling D, Wen Zh (2001) Stability and permanent displacements analysis of wasteland during earthquakes. Acta Seismol Sin 14(2):216–224. Article ID: 1000-9116(2001)02-0216-09Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Augello AJ, Matasovic N, Bray JD, Kavazanjian Jr E, Seed RB (1995) Evaluation of solid waste landfill performance during the Northridge Earthquake. In: Earthquake design and performance of solid waste landfills. ASCE Geotechnical Special Publication No 54, pp 17–50Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chen Y, Deng G, Bin ZH, Chen R (2008) Seismic stability and permanent displacement of landfill along liners. Sci China J Ser E Technol Sci 51(4):407–423. doi: 10.1007/s11431-008-0031-y CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kavazanjian E Jr (1999) Seismic design of solid waste containment facilities. In: Proceedings of eighth Canadian conference on earthquake engineering, Vancouver, BC, 13–16 June., pp 51–68Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Augello A, Bray J, Abrahamson N, Seed R (1998) Dynamic properties of solid waste based on back-analysis of OII Landfill. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(1998)124:3(211) Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bray JD, Rathje EM, Augello AJ, Merry SM (1998) Simplified seismic design procedure for geosynthetic-lined solid waste landfills. Geosynth Int 5(1):203–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kavazanjian E Jr, Matasovic N, Bachus RC (2013) 11th peck lecture: predesign geotechnical investigation for the OII superfund site landfill. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng 139(11):1849–1863. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0000923 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Morochnik V, Bardet J, Hushmand B (1998) Identification of dynamic properties of OII landfill. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(1998)124:3(186) Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Matasovic N, Kavazanjian E Jr, Augello AJ, Bray JD, Seed RB (1995) Solid waste landfill damage caused by 17 January 1994 Northridge Earthquake. In: Woods MC, Seiple RW (eds) The Northridge, California, Earthquake of 17 January 1994, vol 116, Division of Mines and Geology Special Publication. California Department of Conservation, Sacramento, pp 221–229Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    United States Environmental Protection Agency (1993) Solid waste disposal facility criteria. Technical Manual EPA530-R-93-017, PB94-100-450Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kircher CA (2012) Seismically isolated structures. FEMA P-751, NEHRP Recommended Provisions, Chapter 12Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mohammadi M (2017) Seismic behavior of sliding base isolation systems, regarding restitution factor and variable friction coefficient. IJCE 15(2):1–12. doi: 10.1007/s40999-016-0095-1 Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yegian MK, Kadakal U (2004) Foundation isolation for seismic protection using smooth synthetic liner. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng 130(11):1121–1130. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(2004)130:11(1121) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Fakharian K, Taherzadeh R (2004) Seismic response and stability analysis of an area method MSW landfill. In: Proceedings of 13th world conference on earthquake engineering. August 1–6, 2004, Vancouver, BC, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Shariatmadari N, La BA, Nezhad HE, Askari B (2016) Investigating the stress–strain and failure behavior of soils contaminated with urban solid waste leachate: a case study from the landfill area of Saravan. Rasht IJCE 14(7):451–457. doi: 10.1007/s40999-016-0051-0 Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Shariatmadari N, Sadeghpour A, Razaghian F (2014) Effects of aging on the shear strength behavior of municipal. IJCE 12(3):226–237Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shariatmadari N, Mansouri A (2008) Monitoring the landfill settlement, case study: Tehran Sanitary Landfill. In: Proceedings of the eighth Japan–Korea–France joint seminar in geo-environmental engineering, Kyoto, JapanGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zafarani H, Hassani B, Ansari A (2012) Estimation of earthquake parameters in the Alborz seismic zone, Iran using generalized inversion method. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 42:197–218. doi: 10.1016/j.soildyn.2012.05.019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    TWMO (2016) http://pasmand.tehran.ir/Default.aspx?tabid=328. Accessed 21 May 2001
  20. 20.
    Iai S (1989) Similitude for shaking table tests on soil-structure fluid model in 1-g gravitational field. Soils Found 29(1):105–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Meymand PJ (1998) Shaking table scale model tests of nonlinear soil-pile-Superstructure interaction in soft clay. Ph.D. dissertation, U.C. Berkeley, UMI Number: 9922971Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Fragiacomo M, Rajgelj S, Cimadom F (2003) Design of bilinear hysteretic isolation systems. Earthq Eng Struct Dyn 32(9):1333–1352CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Iran University of Science and Technology 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vahid Mirhaji
    • 1
  • Yaser Jafarian
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mohammad H. Baziar
    • 3
  • Mohammad K. Jafari
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Geotechnical Engineering Research CenterInternational Institute of Earthquake Engineering and SeismologyTehranIran
  3. 3.School of Civil EngineeringIran University of Science and TechnologyTehranIran

Personalised recommendations