International Journal of Civil Engineering

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 395–408 | Cite as

Dynamic Properties of Saturated Sands Mixed with Tyre Powders and Tyre Shreds

Research Paper

Abstract

This study examined the effect of adding tyre powders and tyre shreds on the liquefaction potential of loose saturated sandy soil. Also, the dynamic properties of reinforced soil such as the damping ratio and shear modulus were investigated. To this end, a series of 1-g shaking table model tests were carried out at different percentages of sand–tyre powders and sand–tyre shreds mixtures. The results showed that the use of tyre powders and tyre shreds decreases pore-water pressure due to liquefaction. Maximum shear modulus of reinforced soil increased with the increase in tyre powder content in the mixture. However, an increased percentage of tyre shreds had no noticeable effect on maximum shear modulus. Furthermore, the mean damping ratio increases with the increase in tyre powder content in the specimens. Therefore, as the percentage of tyre shreds is increased up to 10%, the mean damping ratio experiences an increasing trend. Nevertheless, at values above 10%, the mean damping ratio reduces. In general, reinforcing soil with tyre powders and tyre shreds reduces the deformations caused by liquefaction.

Keywords

Tyre powders Tyre shreds Liquefaction Dynamic property Shaking table 

List of Symbols

\(C_{\text{c}}\)

Coefficient of curvature

\(C_{\text{u}}\)

Coefficient of uniformity

\(D_{{}}\)

Damping ratio

\(D_{\text{m}}\)

Mean damping ratio

\(D_{50}\)

Average size of sand grains

\(e_{\hbox{min} }\)

Minimum void ratio

\(e_{\hbox{max} }\)

Maximum void ratio

\(e_{\text{s}}\)

Void ratio of sand grains

\({\text{Fc}}\)

Fines content

\(G\)

Shear modulus

\(G_{\text{S}}\)

Specific gravity

\(g\)

Acceleration due to gravity

\(M_{\text{S}}\)

Mass of sand

\(M_{\text{r}}\)

Mass of tyre chips

\(D_{\text{m}}\)

Mass of tyre chips

\(R_{u}\)

Excess pore pressure ratio

\({\text{TP}}_{\text{r}}\)

Tyre powders ratio

\({\text{TS}}_{\text{r}}\)

Tyre shreds ratio

\(\ddot{u}_{i}\)

Acceleration at position i

\(V_{\text{Total}}\)

Total volume of mixture

\(V_{\text{S}}\)

Volume of sand particles

\(V_{\text{T}}\)

Volume of tyre chip particles

\(W\)

Maximum stored elastic energy per cycle

\(z_{i}\)

Depth of position i

\(\gamma\)

Shear strain

\(\Delta W\)

Energy loss per cycle

\(\rho\)

Density

\(\sigma^{\prime}_{0}\)

Initial effective stress

\(\tau\)

Shear stress

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Copyright information

© Iran University of Science and Technology 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringUrmia UniversityUrmiaIran

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