Equivalent Linear and Nonlinear Site-Specific Ground Response Analysis of Pashto Cultural Museum Peshawar, Pakistan

  • Khalid MahmoodEmail author
  • Sher Afzal Khan
  • Qaiser Iqbal
  • Fazli Karim
  • Shahid Iqbal
Research Paper


Site-specific ground response analysis is needed for seismic hazard estimation, and its mitigation is required for seismically active regions of Pakistan. The work presented in the following includes response analysis of a specific site at Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa using equivalent linear (EL) and also nonlinear (NL) analyses. The site model was developed using the geotechnical investigation data from field investigation and subsequent laboratory tests on representative soil samples. The earthquake records compatible to the seismic activities in the target area are selected and matched to the target response spectra in order to obtain input excitation force for the base ground model. Several issues that are related to site-specific ground response analysis, i.e., shear strain, mobilized shear strength and ground acceleration along depth of soil model, are studied and compared for both EL and NL analyses. The analysis results are also further studied and compared for ground response spectra and amplification factor using both EL and NL analyses.


Site-specific ground response analysis Equivalent linear (EL) analysis Nonlinear (NL) analysis Shear strain Ground acceleration Response spectra Amplification factor (AF) 



The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable insightful comments that helped us to improve the quality of this paper.


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Copyright information

© Shiraz University 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringSarhad University Science and Information TechnologyPeshawarPakistan

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