Experimental Study Effect of Silica Fume and Hybrid Fiber on Mechanical Properties Lightweight Concrete

  • Seyed Hosein Ghasemzadeh Mousavinejad
  • Yaser Ghorbani Shemshad Sara
Research paper


This article aims to study the effect of silica fume on mechanical features of fiber lightweight concrete (steel fibers and polypropylene) including scoria lightweight aggregates. Silica fume is replaced with 10 and 15% by weight of cement. The amounts of steel and polypropylene fibers in this study were (0.4–0.8%) and (0.2%) concrete volume, respectively, and the ratio of length to diameter was 62.5 and 60, respectively. In this study, nine different mixtures of lightweight concrete with different percentages of steel and polypropylene fibers were made and compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, flexural strength, modulus of elasticity, water absorption, and density were also tested. Results show that optimized amount of SF is 10%. Also, steel fiber compared to Polypropylene fiber has better effect on mechanical characteristics of lightweight concrete.


Silica fume Steel and polypropylene fibers Lightweight Scoria Mechanical properties 


  1. Ahmadi B, Shekarchi M (2010) Use of natural zeolite as a supplementary cementitious material. Cement Concr Compos 32:134–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Al-Khaiat H, Haque MN (1998) Effect of initial curing on early strength and physical properties of lightweight concrete. Cem Concr Res 28(6):859–866CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aydin AC (2007) Self compactability of high volume hybrid fiber reinforced Concrete. Constr Build Mater 21:1149–1154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Babu DS, Babu KG, Tiong-Huan W (2006) Effect of polystyrene aggregate size on strength and moisture migration characteristics of lightweight concrete. Cement Concr Compos 28:520–527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bargi Kh (2001) Principles of earthquake engineering. Tehran University Press, Tehran (in persian) Google Scholar
  6. Bazant ZP, Ozbolt J (1992) Compression failure of quasibrittle material: nonlocal microplane model. J Eng Mech 118(3):540–556CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Benaicha M, Roguiez X, Jalbaud O, Burtschell Y, Alaoui AH (2015) Influence of silica fume and viscosity modifying agent on the mechanical and rheological behavior of self compacting concrete. Constr Build Mater 84:103–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Beygi MHA, Hosseinian SB, Shafigh P (2007) Construction of light weight concrete by using light weight aggregates, stone powder and micro silica. University of Ferdowsi press, Mashhad (in Persian) Google Scholar
  9. Beygi MH, Nikbin IMP, Babajani M (2009) Investigation different fibers effect on mechanical characteristics of self consolidating concrete containing light weight and normal weight aggregates. In: First national conference on engineering and infrastructures management, Tehran university (in persian) Google Scholar
  10. Bhanjaa S, Sengupta B (2005) Influence of silica fume on the tensile strength of concrete. Cem Concr Res 35:743–747CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cakır Ö, Sofyanl ÖÖ (2014) Influence of silica fume on mechanical and physical properties of recycled aggregate concrete. Hous Build Natl Res Cent 11:157–166Google Scholar
  12. CEB-FIP (1989) Diagnosis and assessment of concrete structures—state of the art report. CEB Bull 192:83–85Google Scholar
  13. Chen B, Liu J (2005) Contribution of hybrid fibers on the properties of the high-strength lightweight concrete having good workability. Cem Concr Res 35:913–917CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Demirboga R, Orung I, Gul R (2001) Effects of expanded perlite aggregate and mineral admixtures on the compressive strength of low-density concretes. Cem Concr Res 31:1627–1632CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Denneman E, Kearsley EP, Visser AT (2011) Splitting tensile test for fiber reinforced concrete. Mater Struct 44(8):1441–1449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Dotto JMR, Abreu AGd, Dal Molin DCC, Muller IL (2004) Influence of silica fume addition on concretes physical properties and on corrosion behavior of reinforcement bars. Cem Concr Compos 26(1):31–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. DÜzgun OA, GÜl R, Aydin A (2005) Effect of steel fibers on the mechanical properties of natural lightweight aggregate concrete. Mater Lett 59:3357–3363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Eren O, Celik T (1997) Effect of silica fume and steel fibers on some properties of high-strength concrete. Constr Build Mater 11(l-8):373–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Euro light concrete (1998) Definitions and international consensus Report, European Union BE 96-3942/R1Google Scholar
  20. Gao J, Sun W, Morino K (1997) Mechanical properties of steel fiber reinforced high-strength lightweight concrete. Cem Concr Compos 19:307–313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Gesog˘lu M, Guneyisi E, Alzeebaree R, Mermerdas K (2013) Effect of silica fume and steel fiber on the mechanical properties of the concretes produced with cold bonded fly ash aggregates. Constr Build Mater 40:982–990CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. GrÜnewald S, Walraven JC (2001) Parameter-study on the influence of Steel fibers and coarse aggregate content on the fresh properties of self-compacting concrete. Cem Concr Res 31:1793–1798CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Holland TC et al (1996) Guide for the use of silica fume in concrete. ACI 234R-96Google Scholar
  24. Huntzinger DN, Eatmon TD (2009) A life-cycle assessment of Portland cement manufacturing: comparing the traditional process with alternative technologies. J Clean Prod 17(7):668–675CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kayali O, Haque MN, Zhu B (1999) Drying shrinkage of fibre-reinforced lightweight aggregate concrete containing fly ash. Cem Concr Res 29:1835–1840CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kılıc A, Atis CD, Yasar E, Özcan F (2003) High-strength lightweight concrete made with scoria aggregate containing mineral admixtures. Cem Concr Res 33:1595–1599CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kim, D.J., Naaman, A.E., EL-Tawil, S. (2010). Correlation between tensile and bending behavior of FRC composites with scale effect. In: Fracture mechanics of concrete and concrete structures, pp 1379–1385, 23–28 MayGoogle Scholar
  28. KÖksal F, Altun F, Yig˘it I, Sahin Y (2008) Combined effect of silica fume and steel fiber on the mechanical properties of high strength concretes. Constr Build Mater 22:1874–1880CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Libre NA, Shekarchi M, Mahoutian M, Soroushian P (2011) Mechanical properties of hybrid fiber reinforced lightweight aggregate concrete made with natural pumice. Constr Build Mater 25:2458–2464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Mahotian M, Behradiyekta S (2011) Effect of steel and polypropylene fibers on mechanical characteristics of light weight concrete containing leca and pumice. In: First national conference on light weight concrete, Tehran university (in persian) Google Scholar
  31. Mata LA (2004) Implementation of self-consolidating concrete (SCC) for Prestressed Concrete Girders. Master of Science Thesis North Carolina State University NovemberGoogle Scholar
  32. Mazloom M, Ramezanianpour AA, Brooks JJ (2004) Effect of silica fume on mechanical properties of high-strength concrete. Cement Concr Compos 26:347–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Mehta PK (1986) Concrete: structure, properties and materials. Prentice-Hall, Englewood CliffsGoogle Scholar
  34. Mosavi SY (2009) Investigation on durability and corossion potentials of light weight concrete. Masterthesis, Engineering faculty, Guilanuniversity (in persian) Google Scholar
  35. Mosavinejad SHG, Mohsenzadeh S, Hashami MK (2014) Study of mechanical properties of traditional Iranian cementitious material (Sarooj). In: 6th Iranian annual conference of concrete, Iran (in Persian) Google Scholar
  36. Nili M, Afroughsabet V (2010) The effects of silica fume and polypropylene fibers on the impact resistance and mechanical properties of concrete. Constr Build Mater 24:927–933CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Ranjbar N, Mehrali ME, Behnia A, Javadi Pordsari A, Mehrali MO, Johnson Alengaram U, Jumaat MZ (2016a) A compressive study of polypropylene fiber reinforced fly ash based geopolymer. PLoS ONE 11:e0147546CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Ranjbar N, Mehrali M, Behnia A, Mehrali M, Alengaram UJ, Jumaat MZ (2016b) High Tensile strength fly ash based geopolymer composite using copper coated micro steel fiber. Constr Build Mater 112:629–638CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Ranjber MM, Madandoust R, Ghaneh F, Isapour S, Karimi M (2012) Evaluation of mechanical properties of SCC containing pozzolan. In: 4th Iranian annual conference of concrete, Iran (in Persian) Google Scholar
  40. Rossignolo JA, Agnesini MVC (2004) Durability of polymer-modified lightweight aggregate concrete. Cem Concr Compos 26:375–380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Sadrmomtazi A, Zerafatangiz F, Alidoust O, Haghi AK (2008) Flexural toughness and crack strength of fiber reinforced cementitious composite. Key Eng Mater 385:337–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Sadrodiny Mehrgerdy N, Hoshdar Tehrani MH, Taeidy K (1990) Recognition, design and application of lightweight concrete construction. Building and Housing Research Center, Tehran, Iran, p 483 (in persian)Google Scholar
  43. Sahmaran M, Yurtseven A, Yaman IO (2005) Workability of hybrid fiber reinforced self-compacting concrete. Build Environ 40:1672–1677CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Sarıdemir M (2013) Effect of silica fume and ground pumice on compressive strength and modulus of elasticity of high strength concrete. Constr Build Mater 49:484–489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Shafigh P, Hilmi M, Jumaat MZ (2011) Effect of steel fiber on the mechanical properties of oil palm shell lightweight concrete. Mater Des 3(2):3926–3932CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Shannag MJ (2000) High strength concrete containing natural pozzolan and silica fume. Cem Concr Compos 22:399–406CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Topcu IB (1997) Semi-lightweight concretes produced by volcanic slags. Cem Concr Res 27(1):15–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Valipour M, Pargar F, Shekarchi M, Khani S (2013) Comparing a natural pozzolan, zeolite, to metakaolin and silica fume in terms of their effect on the durability characteristics of concrete: a laboratory study. Constr Build Mater 41:879–888CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Yazici S, Inan G, Tabak V (2007) Effect of aspect ratio and volume fraction of steel fiber on the mechanical properties of SFRC. Constr Build Mater 21:1250–1253CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Shiraz University 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seyed Hosein Ghasemzadeh Mousavinejad
    • 1
  • Yaser Ghorbani Shemshad Sara
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of GuilanRashtIran
  2. 2.The Nonprofit Institute of DeylamanLahijanIran

Personalised recommendations