Polypropylene Copolymer/Calcium Silicate Composites with Enhanced Mechanical Properties and Scratch Resistance

  • Nawadon PetchwattanaEmail author
  • Pichamon Ongsritrakul
  • Sirijutaratana Covavisaruch
  • Borwon Narupai
  • Jakkid Sanetuntikul
Research Paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Chemistry


In this study, calcium silicate was added as an inorganic filler to promote mechanical strength and scratch resistance in polypropylene (PP). Scratch measurements in the form of scratch depth, scratch width and scratch hardness indicated that adding 10 wt% calcium silicate showed the best performance of scratch resistance together with the maximum hardness and degree of crystallinity. Beyond this concentration, the composites exhibited scratches with greater depth, while the width of all scratches in composites remained close to that observed in neat PP. In summary, calcium silicate was found to be effective in resisting the scratches at only low applied load.


Polymer matrix composites Scratch resistance Thermal properties Mechanical properties 



The authors would like to thank Srinakharinwirot University for a research funding (Contract No. 484/2559). Acknowledgements are extended to the Grand Siam Composites Co. Ltd., Thailand, for the generous provision of materials and the use of facilities.


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Copyright information

© Shiraz University 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Polymer Materials Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Product Innovation and TechnologySrinakharinwirot UniversityOngkharakThailand
  2. 2.Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringChulalongkorn UniversityPathumwanThailand
  3. 3.Expert Centre of Innovative MaterialsThailand Institute of Scientific and Technological ResearchKhlong LuangThailand
  4. 4.Faculty of Engineering and TechnologyKing Mongkut’s University of Technology North BangkokBankhaiThailand

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