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Spatial Demography

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 141–157 | Cite as

Connecting the Dots: The Spatial Processes Underlying Place-Level Diversity Change in U.S. Metros Between 1990 and 2010

  • Michael J. R. Martin
  • Christopher S. Fowler
Article
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Abstract

Entropy is a crucial measure used to describe expanding ethnoracial diversity in the United States in recent decades. However, this measure changes in complex ways contingent on the starting levels of diversity in a place and on the ethnoracial composition of that place. Careful examination of the behavior of Entropy indicates an uneven relationship between compositional shifts in population and shifts in Entropy. We note differences based on the majority population and a tendency for high diversity locations to become less diverse over time. Moreover, adjacent places tend to move together towards greater or lesser diversity with both metropolitan and sub-metropolitan processes leading to correlations in diversity change across decades. Using place level data from the 1990 and 2010 decennial Censuses we quantify these patterns of change and association with the goal of increasing knowledge of baseline conditions so that Entropy can be used with greater nuance in the future.

Keywords

Diversity Race Urban 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding was provided by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (Grant Nos. R01HD074605 and R24HD041025).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology and Population Research InstituteThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  2. 2.Department of GeographyThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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