Evaluation of Physical, Performance and Emission Characteristics of Green Sand

  • S. RaviEmail author
  • V. LaFay
  • J. Thiel


For many years, researchers in the foundry industry and universities have been developing testing protocols to evaluate the physical, performance and emission characteristics of prepared green sand during pouring, cooling and shakeout. This paper will review the testing protocol and methods utilized in the collection and evaluation of these characteristics that is the result of the entire metal casting process. An important criterion also is the quality of the green sand mold and casting produced (defect free) when the emission characteristics are reduced. This paper will also include the laser imaging evaluation of the castings that is the result of the green sand foundry emissions.


Green sand premix mold quality emissions VOC casting analysis carbon monoxide 



The authors would like to acknowledge Imerys Metalcasting Solutions for technical information and materials provided. The authors would also like to acknowledge the efforts of the student employees of the University of Northern Iowa Metal Casting Center for their assistance in the experiments.


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Copyright information

© American Foundry Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Metal Casting CenterUniversity of Northern IowaCedar FallsUSA
  2. 2.IT CenterImerys MetalcastingsSuwaneeUSA

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