Sustainable Water Resources Management

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 1917–1927 | Cite as

Application of flood vulnerability index in flood vulnerability assessment: a case study in Mai Hoa Commune, Tuyen Hoa District, Quang Binh Province

  • Chung Thi NguyenEmail author
  • Bao Van Nguyen
Original Article


This study adopted a flood vulnerability index (FVI) to assess the flood vulnerability of ten villages in Mai Hoa Commune, a mountainous community living along Gianh River in Tuyen Hoa District, Quang Binh Province. The flood vulnerability indicators, which are grouped into Exposure, Susceptibility, and Resilience, were identified given the previous studies on FVI elsewhere and in consultation with local key informants. A questionnaire survey then was conducted with local households and key government staff to compute the FVI of the villages. The data were analyzed by Excel software and then flood vulnerability maps were created by the Quantum GIS software. The findings indicate that there are three villages at the high level, five at the moderate level, and two at the low level of flood vulnerability. The findings also reveal that the exposure indicators such as population in the flooded area and farmland in the flooded area, the susceptibility indicators such as vulnerable population, poverty rate and population with the main income from agriculture, and the resilience indicators such as external support for household disaster risk management, practices in flood risk management, financial capacity for recovery, social resources, and swimming skills, are the main determinants of village flood vulnerability. The findings further indicate that FVI can be used as an effective tool to compare determinants of flood vulnerability among the villages. It, accordingly, suggests priority actions specified to flood vulnerability reduction for the villages.


Flood Vulnerability index Exposure Susceptibility Resilience 



Our thanks go to German Red Cross, Vietnam Red Cross and all the participants in this study.


  1. Adger WN, Kelly PM (1999) Social vulnerability to climate change and the architecture of entitlements. Mitig Adapt Strat Glob Change 4(3–4):253–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. AHA Centre (2015) Country report—Vietnam. Natural disaster risk assessment and area business continuity plan formulation for industrial agglomerated areas in the ASEAN regionGoogle Scholar
  3. Antwi EK, Boakye-Danquah J, Barima Owusu A, Loh SK, Mensah R, Boafo YA, Apronti PT (2015) Community vulnerability assessment index for flood prone savannah agro-ecological zone: a case study of Wa West District, Ghana. Weather Clim Extrem 10:56–69. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Balica S, Wright NG (2010) Reducing the complexity of the flood vulnerability index. Environ Hazards 9(4):321–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Balica S, Wright NG, van der Meulen F (2012) A flood vulnerability index for coastal cities and its use in assessing climate change impacts. Nat Hazards 64(1):73–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Birkmann J (ed) (2006) Measuring vulnerability to natural hazards: towards disaster resilient societies. United Nations University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. Cannon T (1994) Vulnerability analysis and the explanation of ‘natural’disasters. In: Varley A (ed) Disasters, development and environment. Wiley, Chichester, pp 13–30Google Scholar
  8. Cardona OD (2013) The need for rethinking the concepts of vulnerability and risk from a holistic perspective: a necessary review and criticism for effective risk management. In: Bankoff G, Frerks G (eds) Mapping vulnerability. Disasters, development and people, 1st edn. Routledge, London, pp 56–70Google Scholar
  9. Cardona OD, Van Aalst MK, Birkmann J, Fordham M, Mc Gregor G, Mechler R (2012) Determinants of risk: exposure and vulnerability. In: Field C, Barros V, Stocker T (eds) Managing the risks of extreme events and disasters to advance climate change adaptation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Connor RF, Hiroki K (2005) Development of a method for assessing flood vulnerability. Water Sci Technol 51(5):61–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gao J, Nickum JE, Pan Y (2007) An assessment of flood hazard vulnerability in the Dongting Lake Region of China. Lakes Reserv Res Manag 12(1):27–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Huang D, Zhang R, Huo Z, Mao F, Youhao E, Zheng W (2012) An assessment of multidimensional flood vulnerability at the provincial scale in China based on the DEA method. Nat Hazards 64(2):1575–1586CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. IPCC (2014) Annex II: glossary. Climate change 2014: synthesis report. Contribution of working groups I, II and III to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Geneva, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  14. Khan S (2012) Vulnerability assessments and their planning implications: a case study of the Hutt Valley, New Zealand. Nat Hazards 64(2):1587–1607CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kissi AE, Abbey GA, Agboka K, Egbendewe A (2015) Quantitative assessment of vulnerability to flood hazards in downstream area of Mono Basin, South-Eastern Togo: Yoto District. J Geogr Inf Syst 7(06):607–619Google Scholar
  16. Lewis J (1999) Development in disaster-prone places: studies of vulnerability. Practical Action Publishing, Rugby. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Luu C, Von Meding J, Kanjanabootra S (2018) Flood risk management activities in Vietnam: a study of local practice in Quang Nam province. Int J Disaster Risk Reduct 28:776–787. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mai Hoa Commune People’s Committee (2015a) Mai Hoa Socio-economic development reportGoogle Scholar
  19. Mai Hoa Commune People’s Committee (2015b) Mai Hoa vulnerability and capacity assessmentGoogle Scholar
  20. Merz B, Thieken AH, Gocht M (2007) Flood risk mapping at the local scale: concepts and challenges. In: Begum S, Stive MJ, Hall JW (eds) Flood risk management in Europe. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 231–251. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nasiri H, Yusof MJM, Ali TAM (2016) An overview to flood vulnerability assessment methods. Sustain Water Resour Manag 2(3):331–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rashetnia S (2016) Flood vulnerability assessment by applying a fuzzy logic method: a case study from Melbourne. PhD Thesis. Victoria UniversityGoogle Scholar
  23. Smit B, Wandel J (2006) Adaptation, adaptive capacity and vulnerability. Glob Environ Change 16(3):282–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Smit B, Burton I, Klein RJT, Street R (1999) The science of adaptation: a framework for assessment. Mitig Adapt Strat Glob Change 4(3–4):199–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Tingsanchali T (2012) Urban flood disaster management. Procedia Eng 32:25–37. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Turner BL, Kasperson RE, Matson PA, McCarthy JJ, Corell RW, Christensen L et al (2003) A framework for vulnerability analysis in sustainability science. Proc Natl Acad Sci 100(14):8074–8079CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Twigg J (2015) Disaster risk reduction. Overseas Development Institute, London, UK.
  28. UNISDR (2004) Living with risk: a global review of disaster reduction initiatives, vol 1. The United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, Geneva, Switzerland.
  29. UNISDR (2005) Hyogo framework for action 2005–2015: building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters. Extract from the final report of the World Conference on Disaster Reduction (A/CONF. 206/6) (vol 380). The United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, Geneva.
  30. UNISDR (2009) Global assessment report on disaster risk reduction. Risk and poverty in a changing climte: invest today for a saver tomorrow. The United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction Geneva, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  31. Villagran De Leon JC (2006) Vulnerability: a conceptual and methodological review. UNU Intstitute for Environment and Human Security, BonnGoogle Scholar
  32. Wallemacq P, Below R, McLean D (2018) UNISDR and CRED report: economic losses, poverty & disasters (1998–2017). Brussels, Belgium.
  33. Wisner B, Blaikie P, Cannon T, Davis I (2004) At risk: natural hazards, peoples vulnerability and disasters. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Agricultural Extension and Rural DevelopmentHue University of Agriculture and ForestryHue CityVietnam

Personalised recommendations