Sustainable Water Resources Management

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 1665–1676 | Cite as

Four decades of water and sediment discharge records in Subarnarekha and Burhabalang basins: an approach towards trend analysis and abrupt change detection

  • Sumit DasEmail author
Original Article


The outcomes of trend analyses, abrupt change detection of discharge, sediment load data of Subarnarekha River for the last four decades are presented in this paper and possible causes of these changes are discussed. Bivariate linear regression, Mann–Kendall non-parametric test, Pettitt test have been implemented on the daily discharge and sediment concentration data provided by Water Resources Information System of India (India-WRIS). A statistically significant decreasing trend of discharge is found in the Subarnarekha upstream, whereas other stations in downstream show an insignificant increasing trend during the past four decades. Sediment load shows a decreasing trend in the entire study area where the change is significant in downstream regions since last four decades. An abrupt downward shift on the discharge is found only in case of Muri station from the year 2000, located in the upstream of Subarnarekha main river. Abrupt changes on the sediment load were found in the downstream after the period of construction of dams on Subarnarekha River. More precisely, sediment load had started declining progressively from 1998 in the Subarnarekha River and since 2010 in its adjacent river, Burhabalang.


Water discharge Sediment load Mann–Kendall test Trend analysis Pettitt test Subarnarekha India 



The author wishes to thank all the faculty members in Department of Geography, Savitribai Phule Pune University, for providing necessary facilities to carry out this study. The author acknowledges Central Water Commission (CWC), New Delhi, and National Remote Sensing Center (NRSC) for their joint project of India Water Resource Information System (WRIS) which made easier to collect Hydrological and Sediment data. Critical and constructive comments from four anonymous reviewers improved the content of this manuscript significantly.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographySavitribai Phule Pune UniversityPuneIndia

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