Numerical modelling of hydrological safety assignment in dams with IBER
- 91 Downloads
The hydrological safety of dams is a key factor to be analysed in order to avoid human and economic losses. The exceedance structures of the dams play a crucial role in its hydrological safety. They are usually designed by means of hydrological methods that solve analytical solutions that follow several simplifications. The numerical code IBER, which can combine a hydrologic study with a hydraulic model, could provide more accurate results in order to obtain peak flows and to calculate exceedance levels of a dam. In the present work, both analytical and numerical methods are applied to analyse the hydrological safety of “La Esperanza” dam (Tulancingo, Hidalgo State, Mexico). Numerical results show that this dam could be at hydrological risk for peak flow values associated to return periods higher than 15 years. In order to improve the hydrological safety of the dam, a series of modifications of the geometry of the exceedance structures are also simulated using the IBER software.
KeywordsNumerical modelling Flood routing IBER Hydrological safety
This work was partially financed by European Commission under the project “IMDROFLOOD (Water JPI—WaterWorks 2014)” and by Xunta de Galicia under project “Programa de Consolidación e Estructuración de Unidades de Investigación Competitivas (Grupos de Referencia Competitiva) GRC2013-001”. A.J.C. Crespo is supported by a Ramón y Cajal Fellowship funded by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of the Government of Spain (RYC-2013-12617).
- Areu-Rangel OS, Tolentino D, Mendoza-Sanchez I, Alvarado-Rodriguez CE, Klapp J, Bonasia R (2016) Numerical simulations of a dam overflowing. Case study: “La Esperanza” dam in Hidalgo, Mexico. Implications for risk evaluation. Commun Comput Inf Sci 595:285–295Google Scholar
- Arreguín-Cortés FI, Murillo-Fernández R, Marengo-Mogollón H (2013) National dam inventory. Tecnol Cienc Agua 4(4):179–185Google Scholar
- Bladé E, Cea L, Corestein G, Escolano E, Puertas J, Vázquez-Cendón E, Dolz J, Coll A (2014) Iber—River modelling simulation tool. Rev Int Métodos Numér Cálc Diseño Ing 30(1):1–10Google Scholar
- Bureau of Reclamation U.S. Department of the Interior (1973) Design of small dams, 2nd ednGoogle Scholar
- Chow VT, Maidment DR, Mays LW (1988) Applied hydrology. McGraw-Hill Series in Water Resources & Environmental Engineering, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Domínguez R, Fuentes O, Franco V (1980) Avenidas de Diseño. In: Manual de Diseño de Obras Civiles: hidrotecnia, Comisión Federal de Electricidad, México, D.FGoogle Scholar
- Mockus V (1957) Use of storm and watershed characteristics in synthetic unit hydrograph analysis and application. US Soil Conservation Service, MedfordGoogle Scholar
- Mockus V (1972) Estimation of direct runoff from storm rainfall. In: National engineering handbook, Section4, Hydrology. US Soil Conservation Service. Washington, DC, USAGoogle Scholar
- Ramírez AI (2011) Dam safety from a hydrologic perspective Conferencia Enzo Levi 2010. Tecnol Cienc Agua 2(2):157–173Google Scholar
- Sherman LK (1932) Streamflow from rainfall by the unit hydrograph method. Eng News Rec 108:501–505Google Scholar
- Sotelo G (2009) Hidráulica general. Limusa-Noriega, MéxicoGoogle Scholar