Sustainable Water Resources Management

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 163–169 | Cite as

Development of a new method for determination of infiltration coefficients in furrow irrigation with natural non-uniformity of slope

  • Hamid Raeisi Vanani
  • Mohammad Shayannejad
  • Ali Reza Soltani Tudeshki
  • Kaveh Ostad-Ali-AskariEmail author
  • Saeid Eslamian
  • Elham Mohri-Esfahani
  • Majedeh Haeri-Hamedani
  • Hossein Jabbari
Original Article


In this study, a new method was developed to calculate the infiltration coefficients in furrow irrigation with natural non-uniformity of longitudinal slope. For this purpose, 12 usual tilled furrows with 42 m length and 60 cm width were selected. Then, five irrigation events were carried out and the advance-recession and inflow-outflow data were collected. The parameters of the infiltration equation in power-polynomial form (Kostiakov–Lewis) were calculated using the volume-balance (VB) method and based on a power model as advance equation. The non-uniform longitudinal slope in furrows was purposefully made, so that the advance function should not to follow a usual power function, and the power of function to be more than one in some cases. Besides, in some irrigation events, the negative infiltration equation was obtained. Accordingly, from analysis of VB equation components, several modifications were incorporated in procedure of parameter estimation. Some of these modifications include fitting a quadratic function for advance data and calculating the flow cross-sectional area from maximum surface storage value. Volume of infiltrated water was calculated using this method in each irrigation, and compared with the measured volume based on the inflow and outflow hydrographs as a control. The results showed that using the presented method, the average error in computed infiltrated volumes was reduced to about 4%, which validates the application of the new method.


Furrow irrigation Infiltration coefficients Non-uniform slope Volume balance Kostiakov–Lewis equation Advance-recession curves 



Field capacity


Permanent wilting point


Electrical conductivity




Basic infiltration rate


Wetted area at the upstream;


Furrow width


Empirical parameter


Empirical parameter


Empirical parameter of advance equation


Empirical parameter of advance equation


Advance speed parameter


Inflow rate


Outflow rate


Input volume


Specific volume


Maximum surface storage in time of stabilized outflow rate


Run-off volume after cutoff


Infiltrated water volume since cutoff until recession completion




Time from the start of inflow


Advance time to distance s


Water front advance


Cumulative infiltration per unit length


Subsurface profile shape factor


Surface profile shape factor; and


Surface profile shape factor in cut-off time


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hamid Raeisi Vanani
    • 1
  • Mohammad Shayannejad
    • 1
  • Ali Reza Soltani Tudeshki
    • 1
  • Kaveh Ostad-Ali-Askari
    • 2
    Email author
  • Saeid Eslamian
    • 1
  • Elham Mohri-Esfahani
    • 1
  • Majedeh Haeri-Hamedani
    • 1
  • Hossein Jabbari
    • 3
  1. 1.Water Engineering DepartmentIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran
  2. 2.Department of Civil Engineering, Isfahan (Khorasgan) BranchIslamic Azad UniversityIsfahanIran
  3. 3.Decorative Plants in Collage of AgricultureShahrekord UniversityShahrekordIran

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