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Signalling Desistance? Crime Attitudes, Perceptions of Punishment, and Exposure to Criminogenic Models

  • Olivia K. Ha
  • Evan C. McCuish
  • Martin A. AndresenEmail author
  • Raymond R. Corrado
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Abstract

Purpose

To examine individual perceptions of the consequences of crime, the role of criminogenic models, and whether rational choice and criminal social capital are informative of desistance during emerging adulthood.

Methods

Data from the Incarcerated Serious and Violent Young Offender Study were used to examine the relationship between different aspects of rational choice theories of desistance, criminogenic environment, and offending trajectories measured between ages 12 and 30, calculated using semi-parametric group-based modeling. Offending trajectories were then modeled using multinomial logistic regression.

Results

Trajectory analyses identified three desistance trajectories and three non-desistance trajectories. The strongest predictors of desistance trajectories included variables that relate to rational choices that considered the consequences of crime.

Conclusions

Rational choice and life course perspectives on desistance as complementary, with sources of informal social control operating in a manner that, along with other factors, helps structure an individual’s consideration of, and importance placed on, the consequences of crime.

Keywords

Criminogenic environment Desistance Rational choice Trajectories 

Notes

Funding Information

This work was supported by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (410-2004-1875).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olivia K. Ha
    • 1
  • Evan C. McCuish
    • 1
  • Martin A. Andresen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Raymond R. Corrado
    • 1
  1. 1.School of CriminologySimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada

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