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Incarceration as a Turning Point? The Impact of Custody Experiences and Identity Change on Community Reentry

  • Evan McCuish
  • Patrick Lussier
  • Raymond Corrado
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Abstract

Purpose

Despite the asserted importance of community reentry as part of the pathway to desistance, there is relatively little empirical research examining the role of custody experiences and a young person’s personal transformation while incarcerated. With the increasing emphasis on service delivery within Canadian facilities, it is possible that some aspects of custody help facilitate desistance, but research has yet to clarify which specific aspects are important.

Methods

Guided by rational choice, life course, and cognitive transformation perspectives on desistance, the current study addressed this question by examining the impact of various custody experiences and transformations on short- and longer-term offending outcomes for a sample of incarcerated male and female youth (n = 217). The reliable change index was used to examine changes in self-identity between admission to custody and the weeks prior to release.

Results

Short- versus longer-term offending outcomes were influenced by different custody experiences and the importance of identity change varied across these different outcomes.

Conclusions

Incarceration as a transformative experience during a key transition period in the life course is discussed, with specific attention to rehabilitatinon-focused custody environments.

Keywords

Community reentry Desistance Incarceration Juvenile delinquency Longitudinal study Reliable change index 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evan McCuish
    • 1
  • Patrick Lussier
    • 2
    • 3
  • Raymond Corrado
    • 1
  1. 1.School of CriminologySimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada
  2. 2.Faculty of Social SciencesLaval UniversityQuebecCanada
  3. 3.Centre de Recherche Universitaire sur les Jeunes et les Familles (CRUJeF), Centre International de Criminologie Comparée (CICC)QuebecCanada

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