Journal of Social and Economic Development

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 213–239 | Cite as

Woman and work in rural Assam: pattern and determinants

  • Krishna Surjya DasEmail author
  • Deepak Kumar Mishra
Research Paper


The interrelationship between women and work has been affected by the diversity of socio-economic institutions. The impact of economic transformation on work participation is likely to be mediated through changing gender relations as well. This article attempts to look at the trend as well as the nature of job availability along with the underlying causation of female workforce participation in the rural areas of Assam. Regarding regional variations in female work participation, women in the eastern plains and districts with more tea plantations report higher levels of participation in work. In the article, instrumental variable probit estimation has been used to identify various household and individual characteristics that determine rural female workforce participation in the state. This analysis suggests that female workforce participation is the result of a complex interplay of various individual, household, social and economic factors. Further, the analysis reflects that the higher level of education and land possession are positive factors that propel female workforce participation in the rural areas. However, the presence of the children in the household obliterates women’s way into the labour market of rural areas.


Female workforce participation Regional patterns Rural Assam Instrumental variable probit 



The authors are grateful to Prof. K.S. James for his valuable and constructive suggestions on earlier drafts of the paper. We would also like to express our sincere gratitude to the anonymous reviewer for the comments, which helped us to improve the paper. The usual disclaimers apply.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

We declare that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Institute for Social and Economic Change 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for the Study of Regional Development (CSRD), School of Social Sciences (SSS)Jawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia

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