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Science China Materials

, Volume 61, Issue 9, pp 1143–1153 | Cite as

Three dimensional carbon substrate materials for electrolysis of water

  • Xinglin Zhang (张幸林)
  • Jinjun Shao (邵进军)
  • Wei Huang (黄维)
  • Xiaochen Dong (董晓臣)
Review
  • 196 Downloads

Abstract

Water splitting is an important approach for energy conversion to obtain hydrogen and oxygen. Apart from solar water splitting, electrochemical method plays a key role in the booming field, and it is urgent to develop novel and efficient catalysts to accelerate water splitting reaction. Recently, newly emerging self-supported materials, especially three dimensional (3D) carbon substrate electrochemical catalysts, have attracted great attention benefiting from their fantastic catalytic performances, such as large surface area, enhanced conductivity, tunable porosity, and so on. This review summarizes the outstanding materials used for hydrogen evolution reaction and oxygen evolution reaction. And catalysts that acted as both anode and cathode in two-electrode systems for overall water splitting are introduced systematically. The opportunities and challenges of 3D carbon substrate materials for electrochemical water splitting are proposed.

Keywords

carbon substrate materials hydrogen evolution reaction oxygen evolution reaction water splitting electrocatalysis energy conversion 

三维碳基材料在电解水中的应用

摘要

水分解制备氢气和氧气是能源转换的一种重要方法, 除光解水之外, 电解水也一直备受关注. 电解水过程中, 使用新型高效催化剂可以加快水分解并降低成本. 最近, 自支撑三维碳基材料由于其比表面积大、 导电性强、 耐酸碱性好等优点在电催化水分解领域引起研究者的广泛兴趣. 本文总结了近年来三维碳基材料在析氢、 析氧领域的研究现状, 重点介绍了其在双电极体系中分解水同时制氢气和氧气的研究进展, 指出了三维碳基材料在电解水领域存在的问题和未来的发展方向.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61525402, 61775095 and 5161101159), and Jiangsu Provincial Key Research and Development Plan (BE2017741).

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinglin Zhang (张幸林)
    • 1
  • Jinjun Shao (邵进军)
    • 1
  • Wei Huang (黄维)
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiaochen Dong (董晓臣)
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Flexible Electronics (KLOFE) and Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM), Jiangsu National Synergetic Innovation Center for Advanced Materials (SICAM)Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech)NanjingChina
  2. 2.Shaanxi Institute of Flexible Electronics (SIFE)Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU)Xi’anChina

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