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Science China Materials

, Volume 61, Issue 8, pp 1027–1032 | Cite as

Quantum-confined superfluid: From nature to artificial

  • Liping Wen (闻利平)
  • Xiqi Zhang (张锡奇)
  • Ye Tian (田野)
  • Lei Jiang (江雷)
Concept

Abstract

Biological ion channels show that ultrafast ions and molecules transmission are in a quantum way of single molecular or ionic chain with a certain number of molecules or ions, and we define it as “quantum-confined superfluidics” (QSF). This ordered ultrafast flow in the confined channel can be considered as “quantum tunneling fluidics effect” with a “tunneling distance”, which is corresponding to the period of QSF. Recent research demonstrated that artificial biomimetic nanochannels also showed the phenomenon of QSF, such as ion and water channels. The introduction of QSF concept in the fields of chemistry and biology may create significant impact. As for chemistry, the QSF effect provides new ideas for accurate synthesis in organic, inorganic, polymer, etc. We believe the implementation of the idea of QSF will promote the development of QSF biochemistry, biophysics, bioinformatics and biomedical science.

Keywords

quantum-confined superfluidics quantum tunneling fluidics effect ion channels artificial nanochannels 

量子限域超流体: 从自然到人工

摘要

生物孔道离子和分子以单链的量子方式快速传输, 我们将其定义为“量子限域超流体”. 限域孔道内离子和分子的有序超流被视为“量子隧穿流体效应”, 该”隧穿距离”与量子限域超流体的周期相一致. 近期研究表明仿生体系也存在量子限域超流现象, 例如离子通道和水通道内物质的快速传输. 通过把量子限域超流体概念引入化学领域, 将引发出精准化学合成, 即量子有机、 无机、 高分子反应等. 而引入到生物学领域, 将产生量子超流的生物化学、 生物物理、 生物信息学以及生物医学等. 在此基础上, 也将产生其他的新科学和新技术.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFA0206900), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21625303).

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liping Wen (闻利平)
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiqi Zhang (张锡奇)
    • 1
  • Ye Tian (田野)
    • 2
    • 3
  • Lei Jiang (江雷)
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Bio-inspired Materials and Interfacial Science, Technical Institute of Physics and ChemistryChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Key Laboratory of Green Printing Institute of ChemistryChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Bio-inspired Smart Interfacial Science and Technology of Ministry of Education, School of ChemistryBeihang UniversityBeijingChina

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