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Science China Materials

, Volume 61, Issue 9, pp 1159–1166 | Cite as

Black phosphorus quantum dot/g-C3N4 composites for enhanced CO2 photoreduction to CO

  • Chunqiu Han (韩春秋)
  • Jue Li (李珏)
  • Zhaoyu Ma (马照宇)
  • Haiquan Xie (谢海泉)
  • Geoffrey I.N. Waterhouse
  • Liqun Ye (叶立群)
  • Tierui Zhang (张铁锐)
Articles

Abstract

The development of low cost, metal free semiconductor photocatalysts for CO2 reduction to fuels and valuable chemical feedstocks is a practically imperative for reducing anthropogenic CO2 emissions. In this work, black phosphorus quantum dots (BPQDs) were successfully dispersed on a graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) support via a simple electrostatic attraction approach, and the activities of BP@g-C3N4 composites were evaluated for photocatalytic CO2 reduction. The BP@g-C3N4 composites displayed improved carrier separation efficiency and higher activities for photocatalytic CO2 reduction to CO (6.54 μmol g−1 h−1 at the optimum BPQDs loading of 1 wt%) compared with pure g-C3N4 (2.65 μmol g−1 h−1). This work thus identifies a novel approach towards metal free photocatalysts for CO2 photoreduction.

Keywords

black phosphorus quantum dots g-C3N4 photocatalysis CO2 photoreduction 

黑磷量子点/g-C3N4复合光催化剂的制备及其增强的光催化还原CO2到CO性能

摘要

开发还原二氧化碳生成燃料和有价值化学品的低成本、非金属半导体光催化剂, 是减少二氧化碳浓度的一种有效方案. 本工作通 过简单的静电吸引方法成功地将黑磷量子点(BPQDs)分散在石墨相氮化碳(g-C3N4)载体上, 成功制备了BP@g-C3N4复合材料, 并对其在紫 外-可见光激发下光催化还原CO2的性能进行了研究. 电化学表征, 瞬态吸收光谱和荧光光谱数据表明BPQDs的负载提高了g-C3N4的载流 子分离效率. 在氙灯的照射下, 与g-C3N4(CO的生成速率为2.1 μmol g−1 h−1)相比, BP@g-C3N4复合材料光催化还原CO2活性显著提高(当 BPQDs的负载量为1 wt%时, CO的生成速率为6.54 μmol g−1 h−1). 本工作发展了一种新型的可还原CO2的非金属基光催化剂.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51502146, U1404506, 21671113, 51772305, 51572270, and U1662118), the International Partnership Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (GJHZ1819), the Royal Society-Newton Advanced Fellowship (NA170422) and supported by Open Fund (PEBM201702) of Key Laboratory for Photonic and Electric Bandgap Materials, Ministry of Education (Harbin Normal University).

Supplementary material

40843_2018_9245_MOESM0_ESM.pdf (283 kb)
Black phosphorus quantum dot/g-C3N4 composites for enhanced CO2 photoreduction to CO

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chunqiu Han (韩春秋)
    • 1
  • Jue Li (李珏)
    • 1
  • Zhaoyu Ma (马照宇)
    • 1
  • Haiquan Xie (谢海泉)
    • 1
  • Geoffrey I.N. Waterhouse
    • 4
  • Liqun Ye (叶立群)
    • 1
    • 3
  • Tierui Zhang (张铁锐)
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.Engineering Technology Research Center of Henan Province for Solar Catalysis, College of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical EngineeringNanyang Normal UniversityNanyangChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Photochemical Conversion and Optoelectronic Materials, Technical Institute of Physics and ChemistryChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory for Photonic and Electric Bandgap Materials, Ministry of EducationHarbin Normal UniversityHarbinChina
  4. 4.School of Chemical SciencesThe University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  5. 5.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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