Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 455–460 | Cite as

Biosorption of Cu(II) Ions by Kelps, Large Brown Algae Seaweeds, Saccharina japonica and Saccharina sculpera

  • Shunsuke Kuzuhara
  • Katsuyuki Kudo
  • Osamu Terakado
Research Article


The adsorption experiments of two kinds of kelps, large brown algae seaweeds, Saccharina japonica and Saccharina sculpera, have been carried out for the aqueous solution Cu2+ ions. A copper uptake of around 0.3 mmol per gram of kelp powder with particle size under 250 μm was observed for the former brown algae at the equilibrium copper concentration of 19 mg/L. It was found that further increase in the copper concentration gave rise to the increase in the metal uptake, reaching 1.9 mmol/g kelp at 47 mg/L. This increase was presumably due to the diffusion of the ion through the gel, formed at the initial stage of the adsorption, into the inner alginates of the kelp. Titration measurements allowed us to gain a quantitative understanding of the apparent surface concentration of the adsorption sites as well as the adsorption capacity.


Biosorption Kelps Alginate Ion exchange 



Financial support by the Mukai Science and Technology Foundation and JSPS KAKENHI under Grant Number JP16K06817 is gratefully acknowledged.


  1. 1.
    Das N (2010) Recovery of precious metals through biosorption—a review. Hydrometallurgy 103:180–189. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Michalak I, Chojnacka K, Witek-Krowiak A (2013) State of the art for the biosorption process—a review. Appl Biochem Biotech 170:1389–1416. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sandau E, Sandau P, Pulz O, Zimmermann M (1996) Heavy metal sorption by marine algae and algal by-products. Acta Biotechnol 16:103–119. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Davis T, Volesky B, Mucci A (2003) A review of the biochemistry of heavy metal biosorption by brown algae. Water Res 37:4311–4330. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Plazinski W (2013) Binding of heavy metals by algal biosorbents. Theoretical models of kinetics, equilibria and thermodynamics. Adv Colloid Interface Sci 197–198:58–67. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    He J, Chen JP (2014) A comprehensive review on biosorption of heavy metals by algal biomass: materials, performances, chemistry, and modeling simulation tools. Bioresource Technol 160:67–78. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan (2017) Statistical data of fisheries production. Accessed 03 Apr 2018
  8. 8.
    Honya M, Kinoshita T, Ishikawa M, Mori H, Nisizawa K (1993) Monthly determination of alginate, M/G ratio, mannitol, and minerals in cultivated Laminaria japonica. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 59:295–299. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Honya M, Mori H, Anzai M, Araki Y, Nisizawa K (1999) Monthly changes in the content of fucans, their constituent sugars and sulphate in cultured Laminaria japonica. Hydrobiologia 398(399):411–416. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nishide E, Anzai H, Uchida N (1987) A comparative investigation on the contents of fucose-containing polysaccharides from various Japanese brown algae. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 53:1083–1088. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Vishchuk OS, Ermakova SP, Zvyagintseva TN (2011) Sulfated polysaccharides from brown seaweeds Saccharina japonica and Undaria pinnatifida: isolation, structural characteristics, and antitumor activity. Carbohydr Res 346:2769–2776. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Haug A (1961) The affinity of some divalent metals for different types of alginates. Acta Chem Scand 15:1794–1795. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Paskins-Hurlburt AJ, Skoryna SC, Tanaka Y, Moore W Jr, Stara JF (1978) Fucoidan: its binding of lead and other metals. Bot Marina 21:13–22. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Grant GT, Morris ER, Rees DA, Smith PJC, Thom D (1973) Biological interactions between polysaccharides and divalent cations: the egg-box model. FEBS Lett 32:195–198. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ghimire KN, Inoue K, Ohto K, Hayashida T (2008) Adsorption study of metal ions onto crosslinked seaweed Laminaria japonica. Biores Technol 99:32–37. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Liu Y, Cao Q, Luo F, Chen J (2009) Biosorption of Cd2+, Cu2+, Ni2+ and Zn2+ ions from aqueous solutions by pretreated biomass of brown algae. J Hazard Mater 163:931–938. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fourest E, Volesky B (1996) Contribution of sulfonate groups and alginate to heavy metal biosorption by the dry biomass of Sargassum fluitans. Environ Sci Technol 30:277–282. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Katz S, Bearson RT, Scallan AM (1984) The determination of strong and weak acidic groups in sulphite pulps. Sven Papperstidning 6:R48–R53Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Rorrer GL, Hsien T-Y, Way JD (1993) Synthesis of porous-magnetic chitosan beads for removal of cadmium ions from wastewater. Ind Eng Chem Res 32:2170–2178. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Gotoh T, Matushima K, Kikuchi K (2004) Adsorption of Cu and Mn on covalently cross-linked alginate gel beads. Chemosphere 55:57–64. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Nakamoto K (1986) Infrared and Raman spectra of inorganic and coordination compounds. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shunsuke Kuzuhara
    • 1
  • Katsuyuki Kudo
    • 1
  • Osamu Terakado
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Materials and Environmental Engineering, Sendai CollegeNational Institute of TechnologyNatoriJapan
  2. 2.Department of Material and Environmental Engineering, Hakodate CollegeNational Institute of TechnologyHakodateJapan

Personalised recommendations