Invited Articles from HTSMA—2nd International Conference on High-Temperature Shape Memory Alloys
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The fact that Shape Memory and Superelasticity has decided to publish another special issue dedicated to high-temperature shape memory alloys—after just three years—attests to the rapid progress made in the field. The materials that are addressed in this issue range from NiTi and its derivatives to Co–Ni–Ga- and Ti–Ta-based systems. Microstructural instability was identified as one of the major roadblocks to the widespread use of these materials early on. Some of the papers contained in this issue address this aspect and advance our understanding of the underlying mechanism that govern functional degradation. Both intense modeling efforts and the use of advanced characterization tools—that range from production of thin film libraries to diffraction techniques—were key in this process.
These studies also demonstrate how the knowledge gained can be exploited to increase the materials’ performance through alloying, processing, and heat treatment. Often, the performance of materials produced in a laboratory environment cannot be realized under large-scale production conditions. A case in point are the excellent properties obtained for shape memory single crystals. Two of the papers directly address this issue and demonstrate how the microstructure can be tailored to realize single crystal performance in polycrystalline materials.
Finally, I would like to thank all those who contributed as authors or reviewers and those who worked behind the scenes. Their combined effort has finally made this special issue possible. I hope you do enjoy reading the papers as much as I did.
Hans J. Maier
Institut für Werkstoffkunde (Materials Science)
Leibniz Universität Hannover