Design of a Novel Gasoline Particulate Filter Aging Method

  • Stefan SterlepperEmail author
  • Johannes Claßen
  • Stefan Pischinger
  • Jim Cox
  • Michael Görgen
  • Helmut Lehn
  • Johannes Scharf
Special Article from the ETH Conference 2018


Gasoline particulate filters (GPF) recently entered the market and are already regarded as state-of-the-art for gasoline exhaust aftertreatment systems to enable EU6d-TEMP fulfillment and beyond. Due to its rapid market introduction, the field of GPF lifetime evaluation is still open for research. In this context, the paper describes the advantages of a method for accelerated investigation of filter ash loading during the development of particulate filters. The central task is the simulation of real-world lubrication oil consumption and combustion, which is the major source of ash in the exhaust gases. For that purpose, a burner test bench designed for catalyst aging was additionally equipped with an oil injection unit. The injection unit enables control of the oil volume and the droplet sizes as precursors for the ash particulates. The results obtained with the new filter aging method are compared with data from vehicle endurance runs and with burner test investigations in which the fuel is doped with oil. The latter method is currently considered as the state-of-the-art method for accelerated ash generation. The new method proofed to be vehicle-equivalent in terms of ash-induced backpressure, filtration efficiency, wall ash layer formation, and wall/plug ash ratio. In this context, it turned out that it is important not to atomize the oil droplets too far, since smallest particulates accumulate mainly at the walls and cause unrealistically high backpressures. Furthermore, the ash loading process should include different mass flows in order to achieve stable backpressure results.


Gasoline particulate filter (GPF) Accelerated aging Ash in exhaust gases Burner test bench 



The authors acknowledge the support of Corning GmbH for providing GPF hardware and consultancy as well as of Lubrizol Limited for providing the lubrication oil.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

The authors declare that they have no competing interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Combustion EnginesRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  2. 2.FEV Europe GmbHAachenGermany

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