Human capital and genetic diversity

  • Tiago Neves SequeiraEmail author
  • Marcelo Santos
  • Alexandra Ferreira-Lopes
Original Paper


This paper investigates the relationship between human capital and the ancestral genetic diversity of populations. A simple model highlights a new channel through which genetic diversity can affect development: human capital. Additionally, empirical evidence of an unconditional hump-shaped relationship between genetic diversity and human capital is documented. This relationship decreases statistical significance when other deeply rooted determinants of human capital are taken into account. However, we found some significantly positive (linear) effects of genetic diversity. Thus, if there is a relationship between genetic diversity and human capital, this relationship tends to be positive: more genetic diversity is beneficial to human capital.


Human capital Genetic diversity Determinants of development Determinants of human capital 

JEL Classification

I25 N10 N30 O10 O50 Z1 


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Copyright information

© Eurasia Business and Economics Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Gestão e Economia and CEFAGE-UBIUniversidade da Beira InteriorCovilhãPortugal
  2. 2.ISCTE-IUL, ISCTE Business School Economics Department, BRU-IUL (Business Research Unit)Instituto Universitário de LisboaLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.CEFAGE-UBICovilhãPortugal

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