Update on Pediatric Kidney and Urinary Tract Imaging
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This paper will review the current roles of imaging for assessing the pediatric kidneys and urinary tract, while emphasizing recent trends and advances in imaging techniques.
Imaging aids in the diagnosis, assessment, and follow-up of the spectrum of congenital and developmental, infectious and inflammatory, traumatic, neoplastic, vascular, and acquired renal and urinary tract conditions. While ultrasound is the workhorse imaging modality for evaluating the kidneys and urinary tract in the pediatric population, magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, nuclear scintigraphy, and abdominal radiography also play particular roles. Numerous recent advances have improved the diagnostic capabilities of these modalities.
Imaging plays an important role in the management of children and young adults with suspected and known renal and urologic abnormalities.
KeywordsChildren Kidneys Urinary tract Imaging Ultrasound
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Jonathan R. Dillman declares that he has no conflict of interest. Andrew T. Trout declares that he has no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
References and Recommended Reading
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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