Effect of Reinforcements and Abrasive Size on High-Stress Tribological Behaviour of Aluminium Piston Matrix Composites

  • Pradeep Kumar YadavEmail author
  • Gajendra Dixit
  • Basil Kuriachen
  • Manoj Kumar Verma
  • Surendra Kumar Patel
  • Raj Kumar Singh


The aim of this research paper was to look into the high-stress abrasive or sliding wear of the LM13 and ADC12 alloy and its composites as LM13-7% SiC, LM13-7% TiB2, ADC12-7% SiC and ADC12-7% TiB2 reinforced with SiC and TiB2 particles. The high-stress abrasive test was examined at various emery grit meshes as 180, 220, 320 and 400 correspond to 88, 60, 44 and 37 micron, and a load of 20 N and 30 N was applied for scratching distance of 200 m and 300 m at a sliding speed of 5.2 m/s. Smooth wear track or channel was shown in case of alloys. Wider and discontinuous wear tracks were depicted in case of composites due to inclusion of strengthen particles. Alloys showed less frictional heating as compared to their composites and among composites titanium diboride amalgam showed more frictional heating as compared to silicon carbide strengthen composites. There was rapid increase in frictional heating in composites as compared to alloys due to presence of hard particles. Frictional heating increased on inclusion of ceramic particles. Experiment result showed that titanium diboride composites in aluminium base alloy considered excellent material for tribological and general purpose engineering application.


Piston alloy Casting Worn surface Abrasive wear Friction temperature 





Revolution per minute


Field emission scanning electron microscope


Light metal


Aluminium die casting


Silicon carbide


Titanium diboride


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they don’t have any conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringMaulana Azad National Institute of Technology BhopalBhopalIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational Institute of Technology MizoramAizawlIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringFeroze Gandhi Institute of Engineering and TechnologyRaebareliIndia
  4. 4.Department of Mechanical EngineeringRewa Engineering CollegeRewaIndia

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