Advertisement

Tribocorrosion Performance of Tool Steel for Rock Drilling Process

  • Ashish K. Kasar
  • Arpith Siddaiah
  • Rahul Ramachandran
  • Pradeep L. MenezesEmail author
Article
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

Rock drilling performance of O1 tool steel was simulated at laboratory scale using mortar specimens. Mortar specimens were prepared with cement-to-sand ratio of 1:2 and cured for 7 and 30 days to simulate soft and hard rocks, respectively. Rock drilling performance of tool steel was measured in terms of corrosion, tribocorrosion, and wear of mortar specimens in the presence of 3.5 wt% NaCl solution. The tribocorrosion properties were measured by modification of a tribometer and adding a three-electrode setup where tool steel pin was used as a working electrode counterpart against mortar sample. The effect of mortar on corrosion behavior of tool steel was measured by potentiodynamic polarization tests, while the tribocorrosion was monitored by open-circuit potential tests. It has been found that the mortar specimens negatively affect the corrosion and tribocorrosion, and thus improve the corrosion performance of tool steel. This effect was more prominent against 7-day-cured mortar specimen compared to 30-day-cured specimen. Various factors, such as mechanical properties of rock material, cutting fluid, drilling mechanism, and dissolution of minerals, which can affect the tool life are discussed.

Keywords

Rock drill Mortar Tribocorrosion Open-circuit potential Potentiodynamic polarization test 

Notes

References

  1. 1.
    Ranjith PG, Zhao J, Ju M, De Silva RV, Rathnaweera TD, Bandara AK (2017) opportunities and challenges in deep mining: a brief review. Engineering 3(4):546–551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Geothermal Communities (2018) Cost and financial risks of geothermal projects. http://www.geothermalcommunities.eu/elearning/chapters. Accessed 28 Nov 2018
  3. 3.
    Lyons KD, Honeygan S, Mroz T (2008) NETL extreme drilling laboratory studies high pressure high temperature drilling phenomena. J Energy Res Technol 130(4):043102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Beste U, Jacobson S (2008) A new view of the deterioration and wear of WC/Co cemented carbide rock drill buttons. Wear 264(11–12):1129–1141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Havlinek K, MacDougall TD, Sallwasser A, Jaroska M, LaDue D, Tyler WA, Flores M, Hinton ML, Svoboda TD, Tesciuba M (1998) Method and apparatus for changing bits while drilling with a flexible shaft while using hydraulic assistance. US patent US5687806Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rai BK, Chinnam RB, Singh N (2008) Prediction of drill-bit breakage from degradation signals using Mahalanobis–Taguchi system analysis. Int J Ind Syst Eng 3(2):134–148Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Detournay E, Richard T, Shepherd M (2008) Drilling response of drag bits: theory and experiment. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 45(8):1347–1360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Menezes PL, Lovell MR, Avdeev IV, Lin J-S, Higgs CF (2014) Studies on the formation of discontinuous chips during rock cutting using an explicit finite element model. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 70(1–4):635–648CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Menezes PL (2017) Influence of cutter velocity, friction coefficient and rake angle on the formation of discontinuous rock fragments during rock cutting process. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 90(9–12):3811–3827CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Menezes PL (2017) Influence of rock mechanical properties and rake angle on the formation of rock fragments during cutting operation. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 90(1–4):127–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Azar M, White A, Segal S, Velvaluri S, Garcia G, Taylor M (2013) Pointing towards improved PDC bit performance: innovative conical shaped polycrystalline diamond element achieves higher ROP and total footage. In: SPE/IADC drilling conference. Society of Petroleum EngineersGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bertagnolli K, Vale R (2000) Understanding and controlling residual stresses in thick polycrystalline diamond cutters for enhanced durability. Finer Points (USA) 12(1):20Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Durrand CJ, Skeem MR, Crockett RB, Hall DR (2010) Super-hard, thick, shaped PDC cutters for hard rock drilling: development and test results. In: 35th workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Standford, CA, February 2010, pp 1–3Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dougherty PS, Pudjoprawoto R, Higgs CF III (2014) Bit cutter-on-rock tribometry: analyzing friction and rate-of-penetration for deep well drilling substrates. Tribol Int 77:178–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dougherty PS, Mpagazehe J, Shelton J, Higgs CF III (2015) Elucidating PDC rock cutting behavior in dry and aqueous conditions using tribometry. J Petrol Sci Eng 133:529–542CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yahiaoui M, Paris J-Y, Delbé K, Denape J, Gerbaud L, Dourfaye A (2016) Independent analyses of cutting and friction forces applied on a single polycrystalline diamond compact cutter. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 85:20–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Espallargas N, Jakobsen P, Langmaack L, Macias F (2015) Influence of corrosion on the abrasion of cutter steels used in TBM tunnelling. Rock Mech Rock Eng 48(1):261–275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Azzi M, Klemberg-Sapieha J-E (2011) Tribocorrosion test protocols for sliding contacts. In: Tribocorrosion of passive metals and coatings. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 222–238Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    ASTM G119-09 Standard Guide for Determining Synergism Between Wear and Corrosion (2016) ASTM International, West Conshohocken.  https://doi.org/10.1520/G0119-09R16
  20. 20.
    Benea L, Ponthiaux P, Wenger F, Galland J, Hertz D, Malo J (2004) Tribocorrosion of stellite 6 in sulphuric acid medium: electrochemical behaviour and wear. Wear 256(9–10):948–953CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Diomidis N, Celis JP, Ponthiaux P, Wenger F (2009) A methodology for the assessment of the tribocorrosion of passivating metallic materials. Lubr Sci 21(2):53–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Diomidis N, Celis J-P, Ponthiaux P, Wenger F (2010) Tribocorrosion of stainless steel in sulfuric acid: identification of corrosion–wear components and effect of contact area. Wear 269(1–2):93–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Espallargas N, Johnsen R, Torres C, Muñoz AI (2013) A new experimental technique for quantifying the galvanic coupling effects on stainless steel during tribocorrosion under equilibrium conditions. Wear 307(1–2):190–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Gandhi SM, Sarkar BC (2016) Drilling. In: Gandhi SM, Sarkar BC (eds) Essentials of mineral exploration and evaluation. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 199–234.  https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-805329-4.00015-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Verbeck GJ (1975) Mechanisms of corrosion of steel in concrete. Spec Publ 49:21–38Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sakr K (2005) Effect of cement type on the corrosion of reinforcing steel bars exposed to acidic media using electrochemical techniques. Cem Concr Res 35(9):1820–1826.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2004.10.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Marini L (2007) The kinetics of mineral carbonation. In: Developments in geochemistry, vol 11. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 169-317.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-3198(06)80026-8
  28. 28.
    Acker JG, Bricker OP (1992) The influence of pH on biotite dissolution and alteration kinetics at low temperature. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 56(8):3073–3092CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Sjöberg EL, Rickard DT (1984) Temperature dependence of calcite dissolution kinetics between 1 and 62°C at pH 2.7 to 8.4 in aqueous solutions. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 48(3):485–493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Gronow JR (1987) Dissolution of asbestos fibers in water. Clay Miner 22(1):21–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Dabb LM (1971) Calcium carbonate dissolution and precipitation in water: factors affecting the carbonate saturometer method. Theses and dissertationsGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Ozkan A (2004) Destabilization characteristics of talc in distilled and fresh waters. Indian J Chem Technol 11(4):512–517Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Wentzel E, Allen C (1997) The erosion–corrosion resistance of tungsten-carbide hard metals. Int J Refract Met Hard Mater 15(1–3):81–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Engqvist H, Beste U, Axén N (2000) The influence of pH on sliding wear of WC-based materials. Int J Refract Met Hard Mater 18(2–3):103–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Gant A, Gee M, Gohil D, Jones H, Orkney L (2013) Use of FIB/SEM to assess the tribo-corrosion of WC/Co hardmetals in model single point abrasion experiments. Tribol Int 68:56–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Thakare M, Wharton J, Wood R, Menger C (2009) Investigation of micro-scale abrasion–corrosion of WC-based sintered hardmetal and sprayed coating using in situ electrochemical current-noise measurements. Wear 267(11):1967–1977CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Gant A, Gee M, May A (2004) Microabrasion of WC–Co hardmetals in corrosive media. Wear 256(9–10):954–962CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashish K. Kasar
    • 1
  • Arpith Siddaiah
    • 1
  • Rahul Ramachandran
    • 1
  • Pradeep L. Menezes
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of NevadaRenoUSA

Personalised recommendations