Evaluation of Anti-biofouling Progresses in Marine Application
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Biofouling is detrimental and has been a major concern in the marine industry for several decades. This phenomenon is the accumulation, colonization and attack of organisms—which are both micro and macro, to assemblies, parts and/or structures that are submerged in freshwater and other marine environments. Even despite all the exceptional indispensable and indisputable characteristics of alloys such as steel, biofouling continues to be a major source of failures of these alloys, thereby limiting their use in service. This study presents a review of the existing means of protection against biofouling which are basically the use of paints and electrolytic deposition of anti-biofouling agents such as some nano-composite coatings. The different types of systems from the first-generational coatings such as tributyltin self-polishing copolymer paints to the novel nano-composite coatings were discussed. Ultimately, the use of nano-materials and composites consisting some anti-biofouling natural products has identified to be a promising way of combating biofouling issues in the maritime.
KeywordsBiofouling Corrosion Electrodeposition Marine application Coatings Nano-composite
Our sincere gratitude goes to Covenant University as the prestigious institution has provided the financial support needed to make this review work come to an actualization for publication.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.
This review work has no ethical issues.
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