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Current Pollution Reports

, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 189–197 | Cite as

Revealing the Sources of Atmospheric Ammonia: a Review

  • Yang Zeng
  • Shili Tian
  • Yuepeng Pan
Air Pollution (Y Sun, Section Editor)
  • 182 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Air Pollution

Abstract

Although the discovery of ammonia might trace to earlier Greek or Iranian alchemy, negative consequences of atmospheric ammonia to humans and the environment have only been discovered in the last decades. The global ammonia emissions have irrepressibly increased with the growth of population and anthropogenic activities. Fortunately, extensive research has been conducted with the goal to mitigate the anthropogenic sources of ammonia. The volatilization of nitrogen fertilizers is believed to be the most important anthropogenic source. However, atmospheric ammonia from urban areas has been attributed to vehicles or ammonia slip. Therefore, source apportionment of this trace atmospheric compound is a prerequisite to achieve ammonia mitigation. This review summarizes the current methods applied to source apportionment of atmospheric ammonia including in situ measurement of emission flux, emission inventory, satellite observation, and stable isotope signature. The advantages and drawbacks of these methods are discussed. The reliability of these methods depends on the scale in the field and the characteristics of emission sources. A combination of these methods is necessary to develop reliable models of atmospheric physics and chemistry.

Keywords

Ammonia Sources Attribution Threats 

Notes

Funding Information

This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant 2017YFC0210100), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant 41405144, 21777085, 21607094), the Shandong Natural Science Foundation (ZR2016BQ29), and the Foundation of Shandong University (11440076614091).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare no competing financial interest.

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringShandong UniversityJinanChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Boundary Layer Physics and Atmospheric Chemistry (LAPC), Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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