Current Trauma Reports

, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 238–248 | Cite as

Damage Control Resuscitation Across the Phases of Major Injury Care

  • Paul M. Cantle
  • Derek J. Roberts
  • John B. Holcomb
Modern Trauma Resuscitation (AW Kirkpatrick, Section Editor)
  • 85 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Modern Trauma Resuscitation

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Trauma damage control has undergone a recent paradigm shift, broadening its focus from surgery to resuscitation. This review details central components of damage control resuscitation (DCR) across the phases of major injury care and the evidence behind its adoption.

Recent Findings

Permissive hypotension, minimization of crystalloid fluids, and early balanced blood product resuscitation have each been associated with improved outcomes in hemorrhaging patients. These tactics compliment current strategies of achieving hemorrhage control, including damage control surgery.

Summary

DCR is now integrated into care from the injury scene, through the resuscitation bay, the operating room, and into the intensive care unit. Its use limits the physiologic derangement experienced by the injured patient and minimizes preventable death from hemorrhage. It has become the accepted standard of modern trauma care and is shaping contemporary trauma systems and education. Future evidence-based advancements in trauma care will be scrutinized against this standard.

Keywords

Trauma Damage control Hemorrhagic shock Coagulopathy Resuscitation 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Dr. Holcomb is the chief medical officer of Prytime Medical Devices (The REBOA Company™), a private company that manufactures a proprietary REBOA balloon catheter. Drs. Cantle and Roberts declare no conflicts of interest relevant to this manuscript.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

Human and Animal Rights

All reported studies/experiments with human or animal subjects performed by the authors have been previously published and complied with all applicable ethical standards (including the Helsinki Declaration and its amendments, institutional/national research committee standards, and international/national/institutional guidelines).

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul M. Cantle
    • 1
  • Derek J. Roberts
    • 2
  • John B. Holcomb
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Translational Injury Research, Department of SurgeryMcGovern School of Medicine, UT HealthHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada

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