Environmental Processes

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 283–302 | Cite as

A Critical Evaluation of Advanced Oxidation Processes for Emerging Contaminants Removal

  • Sara Ann Fast
  • Veera Gnaneswar GudeEmail author
  • Dennis D. Truax
  • James Martin
  • Benjamin S. Magbanua
Technical Note


Removing emerging contaminants from waste streams has become a topic of growing interest. The adverse effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) have been well documented, but much remains to be known about these contaminants and their removal. Their removal with traditional methods has not been entirely successful. However, adequate degradation can be achieved through the use of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs). Multiple factors must be considered when completing an in-depth comparison; therefore, process engineering, environmental, and economic and social parameters were included in a deeper analysis. This study presents a ranking system to numerically score the performance of various AOPs (e.g., Ozonation, UV irradiation, Photocatalysis, Fenton reaction, and integrated processes) in several categories of parameters under engineering, environmental, and socioeconomic components. From this preliminary assessment, it was noted that H2O2/O3 (Perozonation) presented the highest average ranking (3.45), with other processes showing comparable performance. TiO2 photocatalysis received the lowest ranking (2.11).


Endocrine disrupting chemicals Pharmaceutical and personal care products Advanced oxidation processes Cost analysis 



This work was supported by the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (CEE), the Bagley College of Engineering (BCoE), and the Office of Research and Economic Development (ORED) at Mississippi State University.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sara Ann Fast
    • 1
  • Veera Gnaneswar Gude
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dennis D. Truax
    • 1
  • James Martin
    • 1
  • Benjamin S. Magbanua
    • 1
  1. 1.Civil and Environmental Engineering DepartmentMississippi State UniversityMississippi StateUSA

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