Response to Intervention (RtI) and the Impact on School Psychologist Roles: Perceptions and Acceptance of Systems Change

  • Kathleen AspirantiEmail author
  • Angela Hilton-Prillhart
  • Alanna Bebech
  • Mark E. Dula


This study examined school psychologists’ perceptions and acceptability of a state-mandated response to intervention (RtI) model. The purpose of this study was to examine the role school psychologists play in the RtI process as well as investigate factors influencing school psychologists’ involvement in RtI. A survey was disseminated through snowball sampling to school psychologists to identify the impact of RtI on school psychologists’ roles as well as district preparedness. A principal component analysis identified four clear survey components. Results from survey participants (n = 80) showed that most school psychologists felt prepared to implement RtI, but did not believe their school would be able to implement RtI with fidelity. Additionally, school psychologists working in schools already using RtI procedures felt more comfortable and confident with RtI than schools not already using RtI. The current study suggests that mandatory state-wide RtI implementation can be beneficial, but more training for teachers and administrators is needed.


Response to intervention RtI School psychologist Perception Survey 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained for all participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© California Association of School Psychologists 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathleen Aspiranti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Angela Hilton-Prillhart
    • 2
  • Alanna Bebech
    • 1
  • Mark E. Dula
    • 2
  1. 1.Special Education and School PsychologyYoungstown State UniversityYoungstownUSA
  2. 2.Milligan CollegeMilligan CollegeUSA

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