Multicultural Settings and School Psychological Services—a Norwegian Experience with Developing Competency in Multicultural Counseling

  • Meral Özerk
  • Kamil ÖzerkEmail author


During the last couple of decades, immigration, family reunification, and refugees have brought about increased demographic diversity in many western countries. In kindergartens and schools, minority students with different indigenous, ethnic, linguistic, and cultural backgrounds are given their education side by side with students of a majority cultural background. Yet, these students may have different socio-economic backgrounds, experiences, sexual orientations, and special education needs. Though it can be challenging, it is the duty of the educational system—with its psychological service institutions, its schools, and its educators—to meet such diversity with recognition, appreciation, and cultural sensitivity and to provide adapted and appropriate special needs education for eligible children. This article illuminates the importance of multicultural counseling competence among school psychologists. We mainly address issues where school psychologists and cultural and linguistic minorities are involved. We present and discuss critical approaches that are relevant for school leaders, teachers, special education teachers, occupational therapists, family therapists, behavioral analysts, health care professionals, child welfare workers, and paraprofessionals working in educational institutions in many countries. The examples and cases we present are from our own country of Norway.


Multicultural counseling Self-awareness Cultural sensitivity Social justice 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Studies with Human Participants or Animals

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© California Association of School Psychologists 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.STATPEDOsloNorway
  2. 2.Department of EducationUniversity of OsloOsloNorway

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